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Evidence for 58 Holes

70 pieces of evidence found.

Id DLP.Evidence.559
Type Artifact
Location 38°24'40.36"N, 33°50'8.50"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 1800-01-01BCE - 1701-12-31BCE
Rules Outer arc of spaces, inner line of spaces, spaces 6, 20, 25, 30 are marked.
Content 58 Holes game board found in a palace at Acemhuyuk. Ozguc 1966: 46, pl. XXI.1, fig 3.
Confidence 100
Source Ozgüc, T. 1986. Kültepe-Kanesh II. Ankara: Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi.

Id DLP.Evidence.560
Type Artifact
Location 38°24'40.36"N, 33°50'8.50"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 1800-01-01BCE - 1701-12-31BCE
Rules Outer arc of spaces, inner row of spaces, space 25 marked.
Content 58 Holes game board found in a palace at Acemhuyuk. Metropolitan Museum of Art 36.70.37a2 and 36.70.37g, (Dunn-Vaturi 2012)
Confidence 100
Source Dunn-Vaturi, A.-E. 2012. 'Un jeu de 58 trous parmi les ivoires Pratt.' Histoire Antique et Médiévale HS 33: 62–67.

Id DLP.Evidence.561
Type Artifact
Location 38°24'40.36"N, 33°50'8.50"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 1800-01-01BCE - 1701-12-31BCE
Rules Outer arc of spaces.
Content 58 Holes game board found in a palace at Acemhuyuk. Ozguc 1986: 83, pl. 62, 2a-b.
Confidence 100
Source Ozgüc, T. 1986. Kültepe-Kanesh II. Ankara: Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi.

Id DLP.Evidence.562
Type Artifact
Location 40° 1'10.75"N, 34°36'54.98"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 1500-01-01BCE - 1201-12-31BCE
Rules 59 spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 6, 8, 10, 15, 20, 25 marked.
Content 58 Holes game board from Bogazköy, Anatolia. Bittel 1937: 22, pl. 14, 13; Ellis and Buchanan 1966:S.193 Anm.3.
Confidence 100
Source Ellis, R. and B. Buchanan. 1966. 'An Old Babylonian Game Board with Sculptured Decoration.' Journal of Near Eastern Studies 25(3): 192–201., Bittel, K. 1937. Bogazköy, die kleinfunde der grabungen, 1906–1912. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs.

Id DLP.Evidence.563
Type Artifact
Location 38°44'19.15"N, 35° 5'25.82"E
Date 1800-01-01BCE - 1701-12-31BCE
Content 58 Holes game board found in a habitation at Karahuyuk. Identified but not illustrated. Ozguc 1986: 82.
Confidence 100
Source Ozgüc, T. 1986. Kültepe-Kanesh II. Ankara: Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi.

Id DLP.Evidence.564
Type Artifact
Location 38°51'2.33"N, 35°38'4.98"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 1800-01-01BCE - 1701-12-31BCE
Rules 61 spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 6, 8, 10, 20 marked.
Content 58 Holes game board found in a habitation at Kültepe. Ozguc 1986: 81-83, pl. 132.7.
Confidence 100
Source Ozgüc, T. 1986. Kültepe-Kanesh II. Ankara: Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi.

Id DLP.Evidence.565
Type Artifact
Location 38°51'2.33"N, 35°38'4.98"E
Date 2000-01-01BCE - 1801-12-31BCE
Rules number of spaces
Content 58 Holes game board found in a habitation at Kultepe, (Ozguc 1986: 81-83, pl. 132.9)
Confidence 100
Source Ozgüc, T. 1986. Kültepe-Kanesh II. Ankara: Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi.

Id DLP.Evidence.566
Type Artifact
Location Kerman
Date 2000-01-01BCE - 1801-12-31BCE
Rules 63 spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 6, 8, 10, 20 marked.
Content Unprovenienced 58 Holes game board. British Museum website, 2003, 1201.1.
Confidence 100

Id DLP.Evidence.567
Type Artifact
Location 21°55'18.58"N, 31°17'5.37"E
Date 2100-01-01BCE - 1201-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces.
Content 58 Holes game board found in the fortress at Buhen. Pictured in publication with DLP.Evidence.568. Emery 1979: 146, no. 1525, pl. 103.J.
Confidence 100
Source Emery, W. 1979. Fortress of Buhen: Archaeological Report. London: Egypt Exploration Fund.

Id DLP.Evidence.568
Type Artifact
Location 21°55'18.58"N, 31°17'5.37"E
Date 2100-01-01BCE - 1201-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces.
Content 58 Holes game board found in the fortress at Buhen. Pictured in publication with DLp.Evidence.567. Emery 1979: 146, no. 1533, pl. 103.J.
Confidence 100
Source Emery, W. 1979. Fortress of Buhen: Archaeological Report. London: Egypt Exploration Fund.

Id DLP.Evidence.569
Type Artifact
Location 21°55'18.58"N, 31°17'5.37"E
Date 2100-01-01BCE - 1601-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces.
Content 58 Holes game board found in the fortress at Buhen. Emery 1979: 145, no. 1275.
Confidence 100
Source Emery, W. 1979. Fortress of Buhen: Archaeological Report. London: Egypt Exploration Fund.

Id DLP.Evidence.570
Type Artifact
Location 21°55'18.58"N, 31°17'5.37"E
Date 2000-01-01BCE - 1201-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces.
Content 58 Holes game board found in the fortress at Buhen. Emery 1979: 145, no. 1275.
Confidence 100
Source Emery, W. 1979. Fortress of Buhen: Archaeological Report. London: Egypt Exploration Fund.

Id DLP.Evidence.571
Type Artifact
Location 29°12'26.03"N, 30°58'22.45"E
Ruleset Axe-Blade 58 holes
Date 2000-01-01BCE - 1801-12-31BCE
Rules 59 spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 6 and 20, 8 and 10 are connected, 15, 25, and 30 are marked.
Content 58 Holes game board from El-Lahun. Petrie 1890: 30, pl. 16; Petrie and Brunton 1924: 7, 12, pl.XXI, XXII; Petrie 1927: pl.XLVIII, 176; Gadd 1934: 46; Drioton 1940: 179ff; Decker & Herb 1994: 685.
Confidence 100
Source Petrie, W.M.F. 1890. Kahun, Gurob, and Hawara. London: Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co. , Petrie, W. and G. Brunton. 1924 Sedment I. London: British School of Archaeology in Egypt., Petrie, W.M.F. 1927. Objects of Daily Use. London: British School of Archaeology in Egypt. , Gadd, C. 1934. 'An Egyptian Game in Assyria.' Iraq 1: 45–50., Drioton, E. 1940. 'Un ancien jeu copte.' Bulletin de la société d'archéologia copte 6, Decker, W. and M. Herb. 1994. Bildatlas zum Sport im Alten Ägypten Corpus der Bildlichen Quellen zu Liebesübungen, Spiel, Jagd, Tanz, und Verwandten Themen. Leiden: Brill.

Id DLP.Evidence.572
Type Artifact
Location 29° 8'31.75"N, 30°54'5.98"E
Ruleset Axe-Blade 58 holes
Date 2100-01-01BCE - 1901-12-31BCE
Rules 61 spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 6 and 20, 8 and 10 connected, 15 marked.
Content 58 Holes game board found in a tomb at Sedment. Petrie & Brunton 1924 7-8, pls. XXI-XXII; Gadd 1934; Drioton 1940: 179ff; Ellis and Buchanan 1966: 193; Decker and Herb 1994: 683ff.
Confidence 100
Source Petrie, W. and G. Brunton. 1924 Sedment I. London: British School of Archaeology in Egypt., Gadd, C. 1934. 'An Egyptian Game in Assyria.' Iraq 1: 45–50., Drioton, E. 1940. 'Un ancien jeu copte.' Bulletin de la société d'archéologia copte 6, Decker, W. and M. Herb. 1994. Bildatlas zum Sport im Alten Ägypten Corpus der Bildlichen Quellen zu Liebesübungen, Spiel, Jagd, Tanz, und Verwandten Themen. Leiden: Brill. , Ellis, R. and B. Buchanan. 1966. 'An Old Babylonian Game Board with Sculptured Decoration.' Journal of Near Eastern Studies 25(3): 192–201.

Id DLP.Evidence.573
Type Artifact
Location 25°43'51.67"N, 32°35'49.20"E
Ruleset Axe-Blade 58 holes
Date 1900-01-01BCE - 1801-12-31BCE
Rules 59 spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 6 and 20, 8 and 10 are connected, 15, 25, and 30 are marked.
Content 58 Holes game board found in a tomb at Thebes. Carnavon & Carter 1912: 58, pl. L; Petrie & Brunton 1924: 7, 12, pl. XXI, XXII; Gadd 1934: 45; Drioton 1940: 179ff; Hayes 1935: 250 fig. 160; Vandier 1964: 508f fig. 227 pl.XXV; Decker and Herb 1994: 683ff.
Confidence 100
Source Carnarvon, Earl of and H. Carter. 1912. Five Years’ Exploration at Thebes. London: Oxford University Press. , Hayes, W. 1935. The Scepter of Egypt I. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art., Vandier, J. 1964. Manuel d'archéologie égyptienne, 4: bas-reliefs et peintures, scènes de la vie quotidienne. Paris: Editions A. et J. Picard et Compagnie., Decker, W. and M. Herb. 1994. Bildatlas zum Sport im Alten Ägypten Corpus der Bildlichen Quellen zu Liebesübungen, Spiel, Jagd, Tanz, und Verwandten Themen. Leiden: Brill.

Id DLP.Evidence.574
Type Artifact
Location 25°43'51.67"N, 32°35'49.20"E
Ruleset Axe-Blade 58 holes
Date 2100-01-01BCE - 1901-12-31BCE
Rules 61 spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 6 and 20, 8 and 10 connected, 15 marked.
Content 58 Holes game board found in a tomb at Thebes. Winlock 1928: 10, fig. 10; Winlock 1942: pl.36; Gadd 1934: 45; Drioton 1940: 179ff Ellis 1966: 193 Decker and Herb 1994: 684.
Confidence 100
Source Winlock, H. 1928. 'The Egyptian Expedition 1925–1927: The Museum's Excavations at Thebes.' The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 23(2): 3–58., Winlock, H. 1942. Excavations at Deir El-Bahri: 1911–1931. New York: Macmillan., Ellis, R. and B. Buchanan. 1966. 'An Old Babylonian Game Board with Sculptured Decoration.' Journal of Near Eastern Studies 25(3): 192–201., Gadd, C. 1934. 'An Egyptian Game in Assyria.' Iraq 1: 45–50., Drioton, E. 1940. 'Un ancien jeu copte.' Bulletin de la société d'archéologia copte 6, Decker, W. and M. Herb. 1994. Bildatlas zum Sport im Alten Ägypten Corpus der Bildlichen Quellen zu Liebesübungen, Spiel, Jagd, Tanz, und Verwandten Themen. Leiden: Brill.

Id DLP.Evidence.575
Type Artifact
Location Ancient Egypt
Date 0500-01-01BCE - 0301-12-31BCE
Rules 59 spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces.
Content Unprovenienced 58 Holes game board from Egypt. Petrie and Brunton 1924: 7, pl. XXII, 25.
Confidence 100
Source Petrie, W. and G. Brunton. 1924 Sedment I. London: British School of Archaeology in Egypt.

Id DLP.Evidence.576
Type Artifact
Location Ancient Egypt
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 1300-01-01BCE - 1201-12-31BCE
Rules 60 spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 4, 6, 10 marked.
Content Unprovenienced 58 Holes game board from Egypt. Petrie and Brunton 1924: 8, pl. XXII, 13; Gadd 1934: 46; Drioton 1940: 179ff; Decker and Herb 1994: 683ff.
Confidence 100
Source Petrie, W. and G. Brunton. 1924 Sedment I. London: British School of Archaeology in Egypt., Gadd, C. 1934. 'An Egyptian Game in Assyria.' Iraq 1: 45–50., Drioton, E. 1940. 'Un ancien jeu copte.' Bulletin de la société d'archéologia copte 6, Decker, W. and M. Herb. 1994. Bildatlas zum Sport im Alten Ägypten Corpus der Bildlichen Quellen zu Liebesübungen, Spiel, Jagd, Tanz, und Verwandten Themen. Leiden: Brill.

Id DLP.Evidence.577
Type Artifact
Location Ancient Egypt
Ruleset Axe-Blade 58 holes
Date 2200-01-01BCE - 1901-12-31BCE
Rules 59 spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 6 and 20, 8 and 10 connected, 15, 25, 30 marked.
Content Unprovenienced 58 Holes game board from Egypt. Petrie & Brunton 1924: 8, pl. XXII, 12; Gadd 1934: 46; Drioton 1940: 179ff; Ellis 1966: 193; Decker and Herb 1994: 685.
Confidence 100
Source Ellis, R. and B. Buchanan. 1966. 'An Old Babylonian Game Board with Sculptured Decoration.' Journal of Near Eastern Studies 25(3): 192–201., Petrie, W. and G. Brunton. 1924 Sedment I. London: British School of Archaeology in Egypt., Gadd, C. 1934. 'An Egyptian Game in Assyria.' Iraq 1: 45–50., Drioton, E. 1940. 'Un ancien jeu copte.' Bulletin de la société d'archéologia copte 6

Id DLP.Evidence.578
Type Artifact
Location Luristan
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 0700-01-01BCE - 0501-12-31BCE
Rules 58 spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces.
Content 58 Holes game board from Luristan. Amiet 1976: 97-98, pl. 240.
Confidence 100
Source Amiet, P. 1976. Les antiquités de Luristan. Paris: De brocard.

Id DLP.Evidence.579
Type Artifact
Location Northern Iran
Date 1000-01-01BCE - 0901-12-31BCE
Rules 59 spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 1 and 5, 6 and 20, 7 and 9, 10 and 15, 11 and 14, 25 and 5 are connected.
Content 58 Holes game board from Northern Iran. British Museum website, 1991, 0720, 1.
Confidence 100

Id DLP.Evidence.580
Type Artifact
Location 32°11'23.02"N, 48°14'55.78"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 1900-01-01BCE - 1101-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 1, 30, 20, 25 marked.
Content 58 Holes game board found in a deposit at the Temple of Inshushinnak at Susa. de Mecquenem 1905: 104, fig. 345) Petre and Brunton 1924: 7, 12, pl. XXI, XXII; Gadd 1934: 46; Ellis 1966: 195) May 1991: 163, fig. 152.
Confidence 100
Source de Mecquenem, R. 1905. Offrandes de fondations du temple de Chouchinak. In J. de Morgan and G. Jeequier (eds), Mémoires de la Délégation en Perse VII. Paris: Recherches archéologiques, 61–130.), Ellis, R. and B. Buchanan. 1966. 'An Old Babylonian Game Board with Sculptured Decoration.' Journal of Near Eastern Studies 25(3): 192–201., Petrie, W. and G. Brunton. 1924 Sedment I. London: British School of Archaeology in Egypt., Gadd, C. 1934. 'An Egyptian Game in Assyria.' Iraq 1: 45–50., May, R. (ed.) 1991. Jouer dans l’antiquité. Marseille: Musées de Marseille.

Id DLP.Evidence.581
Type Artifact
Location 32°11'23.02"N, 48°14'55.78"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 1900-01-01BCE - 1101-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 1, 5, 25, 30 marked.
Content 58 Holes game board found in the temple deposit at the Temple of Ishushiinnak. . de Mecquenem 1905: 105, fig. 346; Petre and Brunton 1924: 7, 12, pl. XXI, XXII; Gadd 1934: 46; Ellis: 1966: 195; May 1991: 163 fig. 152.
Confidence 100
Source de Mecquenem, R. 1905. Offrandes de fondations du temple de Chouchinak. In J. de Morgan and G. Jeequier (eds), Mémoires de la Délégation en Perse VII. Paris: Recherches archéologiques, 61–130.), Ellis, R. and B. Buchanan. 1966. 'An Old Babylonian Game Board with Sculptured Decoration.' Journal of Near Eastern Studies 25(3): 192–201., Petrie, W. and G. Brunton. 1924 Sedment I. London: British School of Archaeology in Egypt., Gadd, C. 1934. 'An Egyptian Game in Assyria.' Iraq 1: 45–50., May, R. (ed.) 1991. Jouer dans l’antiquité. Marseille: Musées de Marseille.

Id DLP.Evidence.582
Type Artifact
Location 32°11'23.02"N, 48°14'55.78"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 1900-01-01BCE - 1101-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 6, 8, 15 marked.
Content 58 Holes game board found in the deposit at the Temple of Inshushinnak at Susa. de Mecquenem 1905: 105, fig. 347; Petre and Brunton 1924: 7, 12, pl. XXI, XXII; Gadd 1934: 46; Ellis 1966: 195; May 1991: 163 fig. 152.
Confidence 100
Source de Mecquenem, R. 1905. Offrandes de fondations du temple de Chouchinak. In J. de Morgan and G. Jeequier (eds), Mémoires de la Délégation en Perse VII. Paris: Recherches archéologiques, 61–130.), Ellis, R. and B. Buchanan. 1966. 'An Old Babylonian Game Board with Sculptured Decoration.' Journal of Near Eastern Studies 25(3): 192–201., Petrie, W. and G. Brunton. 1924 Sedment I. London: British School of Archaeology in Egypt., Gadd, C. 1934. 'An Egyptian Game in Assyria.' Iraq 1: 45–50., May, R. (ed.) 1991. Jouer dans l’antiquité. Marseille: Musées de Marseille.

Id DLP.Evidence.583
Type Artifact
Location 32°11'23.02"N, 48°14'55.78"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 1900-01-01BCE - 1101-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 1, 20, 25, 30 marked.
Content 58 Holes game board found in the deposit at the Temple of Inshushinnak at Susa. de Mecquenem 1905: 105, figs. 348-349; Petrie and Brunton 1924: 7, 12, pl. XXI, XXII; Gadd 1934: 46; Ellis 1966: 195; May 1991: 163 fig.152.
Confidence 100
Source de Mecquenem, R. 1905. Offrandes de fondations du temple de Chouchinak. In J. de Morgan and G. Jeequier (eds), Mémoires de la Délégation en Perse VII. Paris: Recherches archéologiques, 61–130.), Ellis, R. and B. Buchanan. 1966. 'An Old Babylonian Game Board with Sculptured Decoration.' Journal of Near Eastern Studies 25(3): 192–201., Petrie, W. and G. Brunton. 1924 Sedment I. London: British School of Archaeology in Egypt., Gadd, C. 1934. 'An Egyptian Game in Assyria.' Iraq 1: 45–50., May, R. (ed.) 1991. Jouer dans l’antiquité. Marseille: Musées de Marseille.

Id DLP.Evidence.584
Type Artifact
Location 32°11'23.02"N, 48°14'55.78"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 1900-01-01BCE - 1101-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 8, 10, 15 marked.
Content 58 Holes game board found in the temple deposit of the Temple of Inshushinnak at Susa. de Mecquenem 1905: 106, fig. 351; Petrie & Brunton 1924: 7, 12, pl. XXI, XXII; Gadd 1934: 46; Ellis 1966: 195; May 1991: 163, fig. 152.
Confidence 100
Source de Mecquenem, R. 1905. Offrandes de fondations du temple de Chouchinak. In J. de Morgan and G. Jeequier (eds), Mémoires de la Délégation en Perse VII. Paris: Recherches archéologiques, 61–130.), Ellis, R. and B. Buchanan. 1966. 'An Old Babylonian Game Board with Sculptured Decoration.' Journal of Near Eastern Studies 25(3): 192–201., Petrie, W. and G. Brunton. 1924 Sedment I. London: British School of Archaeology in Egypt., Gadd, C. 1934. 'An Egyptian Game in Assyria.' Iraq 1: 45–50., May, R. (ed.) 1991. Jouer dans l’antiquité. Marseille: Musées de Marseille.

Id DLP.Evidence.586
Type Artifact
Location 33°58'7.49"N, 51°24'15.31"E
Date 1000-01-01BCE - 0901-12-31BCE
Rules 59 spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaced 5 and 25, 6 and 20, 8 and 10 are connected.
Content 58 Holes game board found in a tomb at Tepe Sialk. Ghirshman 1939:42ff, pl. XXII, 8; Ellis 1966: 193 n.3; May 1991: 162 fig.157.
Confidence 100
Source Ghirshman, R. 1939. Fouilles de Sialk II. Paris: P. Geuthner. , May, R. (ed.) 1991. Jouer dans l’antiquité. Marseille: Musées de Marseille. , Ellis, R. and B. Buchanan. 1966. 'An Old Babylonian Game Board with Sculptured Decoration.' Journal of Near Eastern Studies 25(3): 192–201.

Id DLP.Evidence.587
Type Artifact
Location 35°27'26.34"N, 43°15'40.08"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 0700-01-01BCE - 0601-12-31BCE
Rules 59 spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces.
Content 58 Holes game board found on the surface at Ashur. Klengel-Brandt 1980: 119-120, no. 1, pl. XIII, 1.
Confidence 100
Source Klengel-Brandt, E. 1980. Spielbretter und Würfel aus Assur. Alt-Orientalische Forschungen 7, 119–126.

Id DLP.Evidence.588
Type Artifact
Location 35°27'26.34"N, 43°15'40.08"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 0700-01-01BCE - 0601-12-31BCE
Rules 59 spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, space 20 marked.
Content 58 Holes game board found on the surface at Ashur. Klengel-Brandt 1980: 122, no. 5, pl. XIV, 4a-b.
Confidence 100
Source Klengel-Brandt, E. 1980. Spielbretter und Würfel aus Assur. Alt-Orientalische Forschungen 7, 119–126.

Id DLP.Evidence.589
Type Artifact
Location 35°27'26.34"N, 43°15'40.08"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 0700-01-01BCE - 0601-12-31BCE
Rules 58 spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, space 4 marked.
Content 58 Holes game board found in a temple at Ashur. Klengel-Brandt 1980: 119-120, no. 2, pl. XIII, 2a-b.
Confidence 100
Source Klengel-Brandt, E. 1980. Spielbretter und Würfel aus Assur. Alt-Orientalische Forschungen 7, 119–126.

Id DLP.Evidence.590
Type Artifact
Location 35°27'26.34"N, 43°15'40.08"E
Date 0700-01-01BCE - 0601-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces.
Content 58 Holes game board found in a temple at Ashur. Klengel-Brandt 1980: 122, no. 4.
Confidence 100
Source Klengel-Brandt, E. 1980. Spielbretter und Würfel aus Assur. Alt-Orientalische Forschungen 7, 119–126.

Id DLP.Evidence.591
Type Artifact
Location 35°27'26.34"N, 43°15'40.08"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 0700-01-01BCE - 0601-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 6, 8, 10, 15, 20 marked.
Content 58 Holes game board from Ashur. Klengel-Brandt 1980: 121, no. 3, pl. XIII, 3.
Confidence 100
Source Klengel-Brandt, E. 1980. Spielbretter und Würfel aus Assur. Alt-Orientalische Forschungen 7, 119–126.

Id DLP.Evidence.592
Type Artifact
Location 32°32'32.04"N, 44°25'15.37"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 0900-01-01BCE - 0701-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces.
Content 58 Holes game board from Babylon. Wetzel et al. 1957: 36, pl. 4.d; May 1991: 156, fig. 148.
Confidence 100
Source Wetzel, F., E. Schmidt, and Mallwitz. 1957. Das Babylon der Spätzeit. Berlin: Verlag Gebr. Mann., May, R. (ed.) 1991. Jouer dans l’antiquité. Marseille: Musées de Marseille.

Id DLP.Evidence.593
Type Artifact
Location 33°21'17.19"N, 44°33'21.52"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 2000-01-01BCE - 1501-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 8, 10, 15 marked.
Content 58 Holes game board found in a temple at Khafaje. Hill et al. 1990: 227, 234, pl. 66.e.
Confidence 100
Source Hill, H, T. Jacobsen, and P. Delougaz. 1990. Old Babylonian Public Buildings in the Diyala Region. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Id DLP.Evidence.594
Type Artifact
Location 36° 5'54.12"N, 43°19'43.66"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 0700-01-01BCE - 0601-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 6, 8, 10, 15, 20 marked.
Content 58 Holes game board found in a palace at Nimrud. Gadd 1934: 47, no. 4, pl. VII, b; May 1991: 158.
Confidence 100
Source May, R. (ed.) 1991. Jouer dans l’antiquité. Marseille: Musées de Marseille. , Gadd, C. 1934. 'An Egyptian Game in Assyria.' Iraq 1: 45–50.

Id DLP.Evidence.595
Type Artifact
Location 36°21'30.54"N, 43° 9'7.59"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 0700-01-01BCE - 0601-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces.
Content 58 Holes game board found in a temple at Nineveh. Gadd 1934: 49 (note 2).
Confidence 100
Source Gadd, C. 1934. 'An Egyptian Game in Assyria.' Iraq 1: 45–50.

Id DLP.Evidence.596
Type Artifact
Location 36°21'30.54"N, 43° 9'7.59"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 0700-01-01BCE - 0601-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 8, 10, 15 marked.
Content 58 Holes game board from Niniveh, Mesopotamia. Nassouhi 1925: 17ff, pl. II; Gadd 1934: 46.
Confidence 100
Source Nassouhi, E. 1925. 'Un curieux monument néo-assyrien en marbre rouge veiné.' Révue d'assyriologie 22: 17–22., Gadd, C. 1934. 'An Egyptian Game in Assyria.' Iraq 1: 45–50.

Id DLP.Evidence.597
Type Artifact
Location 36°21'30.54"N, 43° 9'7.59"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 0700-01-01BCE - 0601-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces.
Content 58 Holes game board from Nineveh. Gadd 1934: 48, no. 5, pl. VII, a.
Confidence 100
Source Gadd, C. 1934. 'An Egyptian Game in Assyria.' Iraq 1: 45–50.

Id DLP.Evidence.598
Type Artifact
Location 36°21'30.54"N, 43° 9'7.59"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 0700-01-01BCE - 0601-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces.
Content 58 Holes game board from Nineveh, Mesopotamia. British Museum Nr. 91 930 and 12 104. Gadd 1934: 48, no. 7.
Confidence 100
Source Gadd, C. 1934. 'An Egyptian Game in Assyria.' Iraq 1: 45–50.

Id DLP.Evidence.599
Type Artifact
Location 36°21'30.54"N, 43° 9'7.59"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 0700-01-01BCE - 0601-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces.
Content 58 Holes game board from Nineveh. British Museum Nr. 81-7-27, 80-7-19, 327. Gadd 1934: 48, no. 7.
Confidence 100
Source Gadd, C. 1934. 'An Egyptian Game in Assyria.' Iraq 1: 45–50.

Id DLP.Evidence.600
Type Artifact
Location 36°21'30.54"N, 43° 9'7.59"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 0700-01-01BCE - 0601-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces.
Content 58 Holes game board from Nineveh. Gadd 1934: 48, no. 8; van Buren 1937: 15.
Confidence 100
Source Gadd, C. 1934. 'An Egyptian Game in Assyria.' Iraq 1: 45–50., van Buren, E.D. 1937. A gaming-board from Tall Halaf. Iraq 4(1): 11–15.

Id DLP.Evidence.601
Type Artifact
Location 32° 7'35.17"N, 45°13'59.99"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 1600-01-01BCE - 1501-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces.
Content 58 Holes game board found in a temple at Nippur. McCown et al. 1967: 23, pl. 32.3.
Confidence 100
Source McCown, D., R. Haines and R. Biggs. 1967. Nippur. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Id DLP.Evidence.602
Type Artifact
Location 35°22'19.24"N, 44°15'38.71"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 1500-01-01BCE - 1301-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces.
Content 58 Holes game board from the city wall at Nuzi. Starr 1937: pl. 117, L.
Confidence 100
Source Starr, R. 1937. Nuzi II. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Id DLP.Evidence.603
Type Artifact
Location 35°22'19.24"N, 44°15'38.71"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 1500-01-01BCE - 1301-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces.
Content 58 Holes game board found in a habitation at Nuzi. Starr 1937: pl. 123, B.
Confidence 100
Source Starr, R. 1937. Nuzi II. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Id DLP.Evidence.604
Type Artifact
Location 33° 5'58.42"N, 44°17'57.21"E
Date 0700-01-01BCE - 0601-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces.
Content 58 Holes game board from Sippar. Gadd 1934: 49, no. 9, pl. VIII, a.
Confidence 100
Source Gadd, C. 1934. 'An Egyptian Game in Assyria.' Iraq 1: 45–50.

Id DLP.Evidence.605
Type Artifact
Location Mesopotamia
Date 0700-01-01BCE - 0601-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces.
Content Unprovenienced 58 Holes game board from Mesopotamia. Gadd 1934: 49.
Confidence 100
Source Gadd, C. 1934. 'An Egyptian Game in Assyria.' Iraq 1: 45–50.

Id DLP.Evidence.606
Type Artifact
Location Mesopotamia
Date 0700-01-01BCE - 0601-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces.
Content Unprovenienced 58 Holes game board from Mesopotamia. Gadd 1934: 49.
Confidence 100
Source Gadd, C. 1934. 'An Egyptian Game in Assyria.' Iraq 1: 45–50.

Id DLP.Evidence.607
Type Artifact
Location Mesopotamia
Date 0700-01-01BCE - 0601-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces.
Content Unprovenienced 58 Holes game board from Mesopotamia. Gadd 1934: 49.
Confidence 100
Source Gadd, C. 1934. 'An Egyptian Game in Assyria.' Iraq 1: 45–50.

Id DLP.Evidence.608
Type Artifact
Location Mesopotamia
Date 0700-01-01BCE - 0601-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces.
Content Unprovenienced 58 Holes game board from Mesopotamia. Gadd 1934: 49.
Confidence 100
Source Gadd, C. 1934. 'An Egyptian Game in Assyria.' Iraq 1: 45–50.

Id DLP.Evidence.609
Type Artifact
Location Mesopotamia
Ruleset Axe-Blade 58 holes
Date 1900-01-01BCE - 1701-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 1, 10, 15, 20, 25 marked.
Content Unprovenienced 58 Holes game board from Mesopotamia. Ellis & Buchanan 1966: pl. XVII,a.
Confidence 100
Source Ellis, R. and B. Buchanan. 1966. 'An Old Babylonian Game Board with Sculptured Decoration.' Journal of Near Eastern Studies 25(3): 192–201.

Id DLP.Evidence.610
Type Artifact
Location 30°57'41.76"N, 46° 6'19.02"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 0700-01-01BCE - 0301-12-31BCE
Rules 61 paces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 1, 6, 8, 10, 15, 20, 25 marked.
Content 58 Holes game board found in a habitation at Ur. Woolley 1932: 43, pl. XVII.
Confidence 100
Source Woolley, L. 1932. 'Excavations at Ur.' University of Pennsylvania Museum Journal 23(3): 193–248.

Id DLP.Evidence.611
Type Artifact
Location 30°57'41.76"N, 46° 6'19.02"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 0700-01-01BCE - 0301-12-31BCE
Rules 61 spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 1, 6, 8, 10, 15, 20, 25 marked.
Content 58 Holes game board from Ur. Gadd 1934: 46, no.2, pl. VIII, b.
Confidence 100
Source Gadd, C. 1934. 'An Egyptian Game in Assyria.' Iraq 1: 45–50.

Id DLP.Evidence.612
Type Artifact
Location 30°57'41.76"N, 46° 6'19.02"E
Date 0700-01-01BCE - 0601-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces.
Content 58 Holes game board from Ur. Gadd 1934: 47.
Confidence 100
Source Gadd, C. 1934. 'An Egyptian Game in Assyria.' Iraq 1: 45–50.

Id DLP.Evidence.613
Type Artifact
Location 31°19'26.84"N, 45°38'15.93"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 0700-01-01BCE - 0501-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 6, 8, 10, 15, 20 marked.
Content 58 Holes game board on a brick from Uruk. Becker 1993: 66, no. 810, pl. 51.
Confidence 100
Source Becker, A. 1993. Uruk. Kleinfunde I, Stein. Mainz am Rhein: Philip von Zabern.

Id DLP.Evidence.614
Type Artifact
Location 31°19'26.84"N, 45°38'15.93"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 0700-01-01BCE - 0501-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces.
Content 58 Holes game board from a production context at Uruk. Becker 1993: 66, no. 809, pl. 51.
Confidence 100
Source Becker, A. 1993. Uruk. Kleinfunde I, Stein. Mainz am Rhein: Philip von Zabern.

Id DLP.Evidence.615
Type Artifact
Location 31°19'26.84"N, 45°38'15.93"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 0700-01-01BCE - 0501-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 1, 25, 30 marked.
Content 58 Holes game board found in a secondary context at Uruk. Becker 1993: 65, no. 807, pl. 51.
Confidence 100
Source Becker, A. 1993. Uruk. Kleinfunde I, Stein. Mainz am Rhein: Philip von Zabern.

Id DLP.Evidence.616
Type Artifact
Location 31°19'26.84"N, 45°38'15.93"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 0900-01-01BCE - 0501-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 6, 9, 15, 20 marked.
Content 58 Holes game board found in a secondary context at Uruk. Becker 1993: 66, no. 808, pl. 51.
Confidence 100
Source Becker, A. 1993. Uruk. Kleinfunde I, Stein. Mainz am Rhein: Philip von Zabern.

Id DLP.Evidence.617
Type Artifact
Location 32°30'15.74"N, 35°30'11.12"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 1200-01-01BCE - 1101-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces.
Content 58 Holes game board found in a tomb at Beth Shean. Oren 1973: fig. 41, 37.
Confidence 100
Source Oren, E. 1973. The Northern Cemetery of Beth Shean. Leiden: Brill.

Id DLP.Evidence.618
Type Artifact
Location 32°30'15.74"N, 35°30'11.12"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 1200-01-01BCE - 1101-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces.
Content 58 Holes game board found in a tomb at Beth Shean. Oren 1973: fig. 45, 23.
Confidence 100
Source Oren, E. 1973. The Northern Cemetery of Beth Shean. Leiden: Brill.

Id DLP.Evidence.619
Type Artifact
Location 31°23'11.99"N, 34°26'45.44"E
Date 1500-01-01BCE - 1301-12-31BCE
Rules 60 spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, space 30 marked.
Content 58 Holes game board found in a habitation at Gerar (Petrie 1928, p. 18, pl. 39, 22; Drioton 1940: 179ff)
Confidence 100
Source Petrie, W. 1928. Gerar. London: British School of Archaeology in Egypt. , Drioton, E. 1940. 'Un ancien jeu copte.' Bulletin de la société d'archéologia copte 6

Id DLP.Evidence.620
Type Artifact
Location 31°51'31.80"N, 34°55'15.26"E
Date 1400-01-01BCE - 1101-12-31BCE
Rules 58 spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 15, 20 marked.
Content 58 Holes game board from Gezer . Macalister 1912: 416, fig. 501; Petrie and Brunton 1924: 7, 12, pl. XXI, XXII; Gadd 1934: 46; Drioton 1940: 179ff; van Buren 1937: 14.
Confidence 100
Source Macalister, R.A.S. 1912. The Excavation of Gezer 1902–1905 and 1907–1909. London: Palestine Exploration Fund. , Petrie, W. and G. Brunton. 1924 Sedment I. London: British School of Archaeology in Egypt., Gadd, C. 1934. 'An Egyptian Game in Assyria.' Iraq 1: 45–50., Drioton, E. 1940. 'Un ancien jeu copte.' Bulletin de la société d'archéologia copte 6, van Buren, E.D. 1937. A gaming-board from Tall Halaf. Iraq 4(1): 11–15.

Id DLP.Evidence.621
Type Artifact
Location 32°34'43.20"N, 35°10'5.04"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 1300-01-01BCE - 1101-12-31BCE
Rules 58 spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 1, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30 marked, "labyrinth" with 8 spaces.
Content 58 Holes game board found in a palace at Megiddo. Loud 1939: pls. 46-47, no. 220.
Confidence 100
Source Loud, G. 1939. The Megiddo Ivories. Oriental Institute Publications 52. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Id DLP.Evidence.622
Type Artifact
Location 32°34'43.20"N, 35°10'5.04"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 1300-01-01BCE - 1101-12-31BCE
Rules 58 spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 1, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30 marked, "labyrinth" with 8 spaces.
Content 58 Holes game board found in a palace at Megiddo. Loud 1938: pl. 48, no. 221.
Confidence 100
Source Loud, G. 1939. The Megiddo Ivories. Oriental Institute Publications 52. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Id DLP.Evidence.623
Type Artifact
Location 32°34'43.20"N, 35°10'5.04"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 1300-01-01BCE - 1101-12-31BCE
Rules 58 spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 1, 6, 10, 20, 25 marked, "labyrinth" of 8 spaces.
Content 58 Holes game board found in a palace at Megiddo. Loud 1939: pl. 49, no. 222.
Confidence 100
Source Loud, G. 1939. The Megiddo Ivories. Oriental Institute Publications 52. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Id DLP.Evidence.624
Type Artifact
Location 32°34'43.20"N, 35°10'5.04"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 1300-01-01BCE - 1101-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 10 and 15, "labyrinth" of 17 spaces.
Content 58 Holes game board from Megiddo found in a palace. Loud 1939, pl. 50, no. 223.
Confidence 100

Id DLP.Evidence.625
Type Artifact
Location 33°13'40.19"N, 35°13'25.32"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 0900-01-01BCE - 0601-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, space 6 marked.
Content 58 Holes game board from Ras el-Ain. Nougayrol 1947: 46, fig. 8.
Confidence 100
Source Nougayrol, J. 1947. Textes et documents figurés. Revue d'assyriologie 41: 23–53.

Id DLP.Evidence.626
Type Artifact
Location 37° 4'44.40"N, 40°43'37.20"E
Ruleset Violin-shaped 58 Holes
Date 1400-01-01BCE - 1101-12-31BCE
Rules 61 spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 6, 8, 10, 15, 20 marked.
Content 58 Holes game board from Tell Ailun. Moortgat-Correns 1959: 339-345, fig. 1.
Confidence 100
Source Moortgat-Correns, U. 1959. 'Ein Spielbret vom Tell Ailun (?).' InR. von Kienle, A. Moortgat, H. Otten, E. von Schuler, and W. Zaumseil (eds) Festschrift Johannes Friedrich. Heidelberg: Carl Winter, 339–345.

Id DLP.Evidence.627
Type Artifact
Location 40° 6'9.43"N, 49°23'6.77"E
Ruleset Axe-Blade 58 holes
Date 2200-01-01BCE - 1800-01-01BCE
Rules 59 spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces, spaces 7 and 9 connected on both track, spaces 15 and 20, 20 and 25 connected, spaces 1, 30 marked.
Content 58 holes graffiti on stone surface behind rock shelter at Capmali, Gobustan Preserve, Azerbaijan. Shows 2 rows of 11 parallel depressions in center with an arc of 30 surrounding it. 30th hole in arc is larger than the others, as are the first depressions in each of the parallel lines in the center. Depression 15 is connected to 20, 20 is connected to 25. In the parallel rows, seventh and ninth depressions are connected. Crist forthcoming.
Confidence 100
Spaces Outside

Id DLP.Evidence.631
Type Artifact
Location 38°10'1.67"N, 44°47'33.98"E
Date 1900-01-01BCE - 1550-12-31BCE
Rules Spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines of spaces.
Content 58 Holes fragment from Haftavan Tepe. Metal fragment with remains of outer arc and of inner lines of spaces. Edwards 1983:: Fig. 146.2.
Confidence 100
Source Edwards, M. 1983. Excavations in Azerbaijan (North-western Iran) 1. Haftavan, Period VI. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports.

Id DLP.Evidence.845
Type Artifact
Location 40°29'15.33"N, 50°12'32.96"E
Date 2200-01-01BCE - 1800-12-31BCE
Rules 61 spaces arranged in an arc around two parallel lines, spaces 7 and 9 are connected on both tracks, 16 and 21, 21 and 26 are connected, 1 and 30 are marked.
Content 58 holes graffiti game board from Aghdashdüzü. Aliyev and Abdullayev 2011.
Confidence 100
Source Aliyev, I. & F. Abdullayev. 2011. Namälum Abseron. Baku: Digital Age Production.

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