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Also known as "noughts and crosses" in Britain, this is a game of alignment. It is first mentioned in print in 1858 in an issue of Notes and Queries. "Tick-tack-toe" first appears in 1884 referring to a different game, but in the early 20th century it was adopted in the United States for noughts and crosses. Play occurs on a 3x3 grid. One player places an X, the other places an O. and players take turns placing their marks in the grid, attempting to get three in a row.



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Beard, A. 1961. 'Games and recreations in the novels of Edward Eggleston.' Midwest Folklore 11(2): 85–104.

Eggleston, E. 1883. The Hoosier School-Boy. New York: Charles Scribner's and Sons.

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