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Evidence for Emperador

1 pieces of evidence found.

Id DLP.Evidence.1468
Type Rules text
Location Alfonso X
Date 1283-01-01 - 1283-12-31
Rules 2x12 board, divided in half. Spaces on each side take the form of semi-circular sockets, into which the pieces fit. Fifteen pieces per player. Three six-sided dice.One player begins with all of their pieces on the space furthest to the left on their side, the other with their pieces on the point directly opposite it. Pieces move in opposite directions around the board, toward the point where the opponent's pieces begin, and bearing off the board from there. When a piece lands on the same space as an opponent's piece, the opponent's piece is sent back to where it began. The first person to bear off all their pieces wins. If players move their pieces such that they fill up all the points in a quadrant, and the other fills up all of the points in an adjacent quadrant such that neither player can move, the game is a draw. It is a prime win when one player has twelve pieces arranged on consecutive points so that the other player cannot pass them. When the player sends four pieces back to the beginning while preserving this state, it is a prime win.
Content "This is the game that they call in Spain emperador (emperor), because he made it. There is another game of tables that they call in Spain emperor because he made it and it is set up and played in this way. The one player should place his fifteen pieces on the one-point in one table. And the other [places] his fifteen pieces in the other [one-] point that is in the table next to it on the same side of the bar. And he that should win the battle is to play first and bring his pieces by the rolls of the dice around through the tables of the board until he brings them into the table where the other had his [pieces]. And the other player should do this same thing towards him in the opposite direction. And if in passing the ones should hit the others, they must return to the table where they first were placed. And from there they must be taken again as before until they come to the table where they should be set up. And in passing by each other and being hit and returning again as above in order to play he that bring them around to the table where he should and bears them off safely, he wins the game. But there are two things that good players do.31 One is a tie and the other is a prime. And the tie is made in order to defend the player whose game [position] is worse so that he does not lose. And the prime in order to win by even more the player whose game is better. And the tie is like this, that each one has as many pieces that he cannot enter into the other’s table by the no matter what he rolls, all the points being held by his pieces or his opponent’s. And they should stop while even one piece remains on the points of the [f. 76] table or is to enter that they not put it on top of their other one even though it be alone nor on top of the others which are paired even though the roll of the dice says that they could do it if it were another game and in this way because neither one nor the other can enter, they call this game a tie; because the damage is equal on both sides. What is the prime of this game A prime in when one player has an advantage over the other and has twelve pieces set up so that the other even if can enter he cannot escape and of the other pieces that he has he must bring them down or make one [able] to be hit there. And when he hits four or more pieces the game is “primed” because he can bare his pieces off safely or hit him more if he wishes. And he wins the game in this case...And in this game no two pieces can occupy the same point until after they have passed the middle of the board as in the game of the emperor." Golladay translation of Alfonso X's Libro de los Juegos 75-76; 79. Accompanied by an illustration of two kings playing, with the starting position and three dice.
Confidence 100
Ages Adult
Social status Elite, Royalty
Genders Male
Source Golladay, S. M. n.d. Alfonso X’s Book of Games. Translated by Sonja Musser Golladay.

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