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Evidence for Grande Acedrex

1 pieces of evidence found.

Id DLP.Evidence.1219
Type Contemporary rule description
Location Alfonso X
Date 1283-01-01 - 1283-12-31
Rules 12x12 checkered board. Each player begins with 24 pieces with special moves: King (x1): Moves one space orthogonally or diagonally or may jump over one space forward orthogonally or diagonally on its first move; Aanca (x2): Moves diagonally one and one space orthogonally in the same direction, and may continue moving in that same direction any distance; Crocodile (x2): moves diagonally any distance; Giraffe (x2): moves two spaces diagonally and then one orthogonally in the same direction, jumping over any intervening pieces; Rhinoceros (x2): moves diagonally one space and then one orthogonally in the same directions, jumping over any intervening pieces, and then may continue along the diagonal in the same direction; Lion (x2); jumps orthogonally three spaces away. Rook (x2): moves any distance orthogonally; Pawns (12): move forward orthogonally one pace or diagonally one space to capture. When they reach the opposite edge of the board, they are promoted to the piece which began in that space. If this is the King's space, it is promoted to Aanca. The opening position is for white: Rook, Lion, Rhinoceros, Giraffe, Crocodile, Aanca, King, Crocodile, Giraffe, Rhinoceros, Lion, Rook. This is mirrored for black so that the kings face each other. The pawns begin on the fourth row. Pieces are captured when a piece lands on a space occupied by the opposing player. The goal is to checkmnate the King. When the King can be captured on the opponent's next turn, it is in check. The player must remove the King from check on their next turn. If the King cannot move out of check, it is checkmated and the opponent wins.
Content "Here begins the game of great chess that was made in India...just as the common chessboard is 8x8 squares, this one is 12x12. As the other chess has 16 pieces of each colour for 32 total, this one has 24 for each side for a total of 48. Because there is a king who is head and lord of his whole army, he leaps like the fers to any square two steps forward on its file or the diagonals on which it stands, even if the intermediate squares are occupied, or moves to any adjoining square on the file, rank, or diagonal(s) on which he stands. He captures, is shielded and is safe from check unless there is another piece in between. Next to him is a bird greater than all other is called the fers it makes one step of one single square to any adjoining square on the file or rank of that square, maintaining its movement in the same direction away from its starting the right of the king is the crocodile...It moves to any square on the diagonal(s) on which it stands...The giraffe...leaps to any vacant square three steps on the diagonals on which it stands so that when it begins on a black square it moves to a white one...The rhinoceros...move consists of two steps. First, like leaps like a knight. It may remain on that square if it wishes or may also continue to any square on the diagonal(s) of that square, maintaining its movement in a forward direction from that square. The lion...leaps to any square three steps away on its file or on its rank. The rook is like the ranks of soldiers and it plays like the rook in the other chess. The as we described before. When a pawn is promoted in this chess it then moves like the piece in whose square it was promoted. If it is promoted in the king's square, it becomes another aanca. Pawns are set up on the fourth rank...Because this great chess is very slow and long to play, we, King Alfonso, ordered dice to be made to speed its play and which show their hierarchy by the pips on the dice. on the first side there are eight pips, on the next seven, and so on down to one. And because the king is more important his is the 8, the aanca the 7, the rhinoceros the 6, the rook is 5, the lion is 4, the crocodile is 3, the giraffe is 2, the pawn is 1..." Libro de los Juegos 81-83, translation from Golladay n.d.
Confidence 100
Ages Adult
Social status Elite, Royalty, Nobility
Genders Male
Source Golladay, S. M. n.d. Alfonso X’s Book of Games. Translated by Sonja Musser Golladay.

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