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Evidence for Rumi Shatranj

1 pieces of evidence found.

Id DLP.Evidence.1396
Type Contemporary rule description
Location Deccan
Date 1796-01-01 - 1798-12-31
Rules 8x8 board. The pieces move as follows, with the number per player: King (x1): moves one space orthogonally or diagonally; Counselor (x1): One square diagonally, but may move two spaces forward orthogonally on the first move, jumping over the SOldier in front of it on the first move of the game; Rook (x2): Any number of spaces orthogonally; Elephant (x2): Two squares diagonally, jumping over the first, cannot capture another Elephant; Horse (x2): Moves as a chess knight. Soldier (x8): Moves one space forward orthogonally; one space forward diagonally to capture. The Soldier in front of the Counselor may jump to the space in front of the Counselor when it has used its special move on the first turn, this must be done as the second move of the game, i.e. on the next turn after the Counselor had made its special move. No en passant. Soldiers promote to Counselor when reaching the eighth rank. No castling. Stalemate results in a win for player causing it. The player who checkmates the king wins.
Content "The eaarliest description of the Rumi chess that I have found is contained in a brief note whichhad been pasted in the cover of the Persian MS 'Oxf.' by a former owner, Rev. George Keene, in 1810. The first ma'raka or arena of this MS contains 99 problems, which are of the Rumi chess. MS. Bodleian Library Pers. e.10. A modern Persian MS...with the title Sardarnama, by Shir Muhammad-khan (takhallus Imam), who wrote it, 1211-2/1796/8 for a great lover of chess-playing, Husainaddin-khan Bahadur, who was in the service of the Nizam of Dakhan (Deccan), Nizam 'Ali-khan Bahadur Nizam-al-mulk Asafjah II (1175/1762-1217/1802)." Murray 1913: 181, 362.
Confidence 100
Ages Adult
Social status Nobility
Genders Male
Source Murray, H. J. R. 1913. A History of Chess. London: Oxford University Press.

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