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58 Holes (Hounds and Jackals)
Ruleset: Marked Holes


See the game 58 Holes for more details.




Southern Asia, Western Asia


Certain holes are marked.


Boards have markings on certain holes.


Holes 6, 8, 10, 15, 20, 25 can be marked.


Browse all concepts for Marked Holes here.


Finkel 2020.

Other Rulesets

Suggested rulesets
Carnarvon and Carter Proposed by Lord Carnarvon and Howard Carter.
Parallel Connections Boards have lines which connect holes in the same track. do not connect tracks on the board
Unmarked Boards have no markings.
Crossover 1 Simple version with lines crossing between tracks.
Crossover 2 Crossover lines include the outer arc.
Crossover 3 Crossover board with more connections between the central lines and the outer arc.
Crossover 4 Most complex crossover board.
Labyrinth 58 holes with a "labyrinth" of extra holes around the goal.


Southwest Asia or Egypt

Evidence Map

25 pieces of evidence in total. Browse all evidence for Marked Holes here.

Click on any marker or highlighted region to view the evidence relating to it.
To view all regions, please select it from the category options below.

Evidence category:

Evidence coloured based on:

Map style:


Amiet, P. 1976. Les antiquités de Luristan. Paris: De brocard.

Becker, A. 1993. Uruk. Kleinfunde I, Stein. Mainz am Rhein: Philip von Zabern.

Bittel, K. 1937. Bogazköy, die kleinfunde der grabungen, 1906–1912. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs.

de Mecquenem, R. 1905. Offrandes de fondations du temple de Chouchinak. In J. de Morgan and G. Jeequier (eds), Mémoires de la Délégation en Perse VII. Paris: Recherches archéologiques, 61–130.)

Dunn-Vaturi, A.-E. 2012. 'Un jeu de 58 trous parmi les ivoires Pratt.' Histoire Antique et Médiévale HS 33: 62–67.

Ellis, R. and B. Buchanan. 1966. 'An Old Babylonian Game Board with Sculptured Decoration.' Journal of Near Eastern Studies 25(3): 192–201.

Gadd, C. 1934. 'An Egyptian Game in Assyria.' Iraq 1: 45–50.

Hill, H, T. Jacobsen, and P. Delougaz. 1990. Old Babylonian Public Buildings in the Diyala Region. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Klengel-Brandt, E. 1980. Spielbretter und Würfel aus Assur. Alt-Orientalische Forschungen 7, 119–126.

May, R. (ed.) 1991. Jouer dans l’antiquité. Marseille: Musées de Marseille.

McCown, D., R. Haines and R. Biggs. 1967. Nippur. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Nassouhi, E. 1925. 'Un curieux monument néo-assyrien en marbre rouge veiné.' Révue d'assyriologie 22: 17–22.

Ozgüc, T. 1986. Kültepe-Kanesh II. Ankara: Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi.

Petrie, W. and G. Brunton. 1924 Sedment I. London: British School of Archaeology in Egypt.

van Buren, E.D. 1937. A gaming-board from Tall Halaf. Iraq 4(1): 11–15.

Woolley, L. 1932. 'Excavations at Ur.' University of Pennsylvania Museum Journal 23(3): 193–248.



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