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58 Holes (Hounds and Jackals)
Ruleset: Unmarked


See the game 58 Holes for more details.




Northern Africa, Western Asia


Boards have no markings.


Unmarked board.


Boards without markings.


Browse all concepts for Unmarked here.


Finkel 2020.

Other Rulesets

Suggested rulesets
Carnarvon and Carter Proposed by Lord Carnarvon and Howard Carter.
Parallel Connections Boards have lines which connect holes in the same track. do not connect tracks on the board
Marked Holes Certain holes are marked.
Crossover 1 Simple version with lines crossing between tracks.
Crossover 2 Crossover lines include the outer arc.
Crossover 3 Crossover board with more connections between the central lines and the outer arc.
Crossover 4 Most complex crossover board.
Labyrinth 58 holes with a "labyrinth" of extra holes around the goal.


Southwest Asia or Egypt

Evidence Map

11 pieces of evidence in total. Browse all evidence for Unmarked here.

Click on any marker or highlighted region to view the evidence relating to it.
To view all regions, please select it from the category options below.

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Evidence coloured based on:

Map style:


Emery, W. 1979. Fortress of Buhen: Archaeological Report. London: Egypt Exploration Fund.

Gadd, C. 1934. 'An Egyptian Game in Assyria.' Iraq 1: 45–50.

Klengel-Brandt, E. 1980. Spielbretter und Würfel aus Assur. Alt-Orientalische Forschungen 7, 119–126.

May, R. (ed.) 1991. Jouer dans l’antiquité. Marseille: Musées de Marseille.

Ozgüc, T. 1986. Kültepe-Kanesh II. Ankara: Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi.

Starr, R. 1937. Nuzi II. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Wetzel, F., E. Schmidt, and Mallwitz. 1957. Das Babylon der Spätzeit. Berlin: Verlag Gebr. Mann.



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