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58 Holes (Hounds and Jackals)
Ruleset: Parallel Connections


See the game 58 Holes for more details.




Northern Africa


Boards have lines which connect holes in the same track. do not connect tracks on the board


These boards have certain holes which are connected by lines, but which do not cross over to the other "track."


Lines connect holes six and twenty, and eight and ten no both tracks of the board.


Browse all concepts for Parallel Connections here.


Finkel 2020.

Other Rulesets

Suggested rulesets
Carnarvon and Carter Proposed by Lord Carnarvon and Howard Carter.
Unmarked Boards have no markings.
Marked Holes Certain holes are marked.
Crossover 1 Simple version with lines crossing between tracks.
Crossover 2 Crossover lines include the outer arc.
Crossover 3 Crossover board with more connections between the central lines and the outer arc.
Crossover 4 Most complex crossover board.
Labyrinth 58 holes with a "labyrinth" of extra holes around the goal.


Southwest Asia or Egypt

Evidence Map

5 pieces of evidence in total. Browse all evidence for Parallel Connections here.

Click on any marker or highlighted region to view the evidence relating to it.
To view all regions, please select it from the category options below.

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Evidence coloured based on:

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Carnarvon, Earl of and H. Carter. 1912. Five Years’ Exploration at Thebes. London: Oxford University Press.

Decker, W. and M. Herb. 1994. Bildatlas zum Sport im Alten Ägypten Corpus der Bildlichen Quellen zu Liebesübungen, Spiel, Jagd, Tanz, und Verwandten Themen. Leiden: Brill.

Drioton, E. 1940. 'Un ancien jeu copte.' Bulletin de la société d'archéologia copte 6

Ellis, R. and B. Buchanan. 1966. 'An Old Babylonian Game Board with Sculptured Decoration.' Journal of Near Eastern Studies 25(3): 192–201.

Gadd, C. 1934. 'An Egyptian Game in Assyria.' Iraq 1: 45–50.

Hayes, W. 1935. The Scepter of Egypt I. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Petrie, W. and G. Brunton. 1924 Sedment I. London: British School of Archaeology in Egypt.

Petrie, W.M.F. 1890. Kahun, Gurob, and Hawara. London: Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co.

Petrie, W.M.F. 1927. Objects of Daily Use. London: British School of Archaeology in Egypt.

Vandier, J. 1964. Manuel d'archéologie égyptienne, 4: bas-reliefs et peintures, scènes de la vie quotidienne. Paris: Editions A. et J. Picard et Compagnie.

Winlock, H. 1928. 'The Egyptian Expedition 1925–1927: The Museum's Excavations at Thebes.' The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 23(2): 3–58.

Winlock, H. 1942. Excavations at Deir El-Bahri: 1911–1931. New York: Macmillan.




58 Holes board and pieces from Asasif, Egypt.
Metropolitan Museum of Art 26.7.1287a–k, 2012.508. Purchase, Edward S. Harkness Gift, 1926 (26.7.1287a-k); Gift of Lord Carnarvon, 2012 (2012.508).

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