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Um el-Bagara (Mangala, The Cow Game)

Period(s)

Modern

Region(s)

Other

Categories

board, sow, two_rows

Description

Um el-Bagara is a two-row mancala-style game board from Sudan. It was documented in the early twentieth century but is probably much older. The game is usually played as holes dug into the sand, with two rows of five holes.

Rules

Play begins with five counters in each hole Players sow from any one of their holes. Sowing can occur in the following directions: From the leftmost two holes: clockwise. From the rightmost two holes: anti-clockwise. from the center hole: the player may choose either direction. If the final counter falls into a hole in the opponent's row containing either one or three counters, making it now contain two or four, these are taken. If the holes before them also contain two or four, in an unbroken sequence, they may all be captured. Single counters cannot be sown. When neither player can move, the single counters in each player's rows are taken by the player belonging to those rows. The player with the most counters wins.

Origin

Sudan

Ludeme Description

Um el-Bagara.lud

Reference

Murray 1951: 194

Evidence Map

1 pieces of evidence in total. Browse all evidence for Um el-Bagara here.

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Sources

Davies, R. 1925. 'Some Arab Games and Puzzles.' Sudan Notes and Records. 8: 137–152.

Murray, H.J.R. 1951 A History of Board-Games Other Than Chess. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Reference ID

DLP.Game.218

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