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Um el Banât (Um el Banat, Game of Daughters)DLP Game   

Period Modern

Region Northern Africa

Category Board, Sow, Two rows


Um el Banât is a two-row mancala-style board game played among the Kababish of people of Sudan.


2x6 board. Four counters in each hole. Players sow from any of the holes in their row in an anti-clockwise direction. When the final counter of a sowing falls into an occupied hole (except in the scenario below), these are picked up and sowing continues. If the final counter falls into either an empty hole or one of the opponent's holes with three counters, making that hole now have four counters, the sowing ends. When the final counter falls into a hole in the opponent's row containing four counters after sowing concludes, this hole is marked. If a player sows their final counter into their opponent's marked hole, the final counter and one of the counters in the hole are captured. The player then gets another turn. If the final counter falls into a player's own marked hole, the turn ends. The contents of marked holes cannot be sown. The game ends when only marked holes contain counters. These are then captured by the players who marked them. A new game begins. The player with the most counters places four in each hole beginning from the left hole in their row. Each hole that contains four counters is owned by that player for the new round. If the player has three counters remaining after filling as many holes with four as possible, they borrow one counter from the opponent to make four and own the corresponding hole. If there are two or one remaining, the opponent borrows these to fill and own the last hole. Play continues until one player owns no more holes.

Davies 1925: 143-144.

Ludeme Description

Um el Banat.lud


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Murray 1051: 196-197.

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Davies, R. 1925. 'Some Arab Games and Puzzles.' Sudan Notes and Records. 8: 137–152.

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