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Tugi-Épfe (Tugi-Epfe, Quince, Tadipwa Nopfe, Juego de Pastor, Tugi'-E-Pfe)





Northern America


Board, Race, Reach.


Tugi-Épfe is a race game played by Tewa speaking Puebloan people of New Mexico around the turn of the twentieth century. The pieces represent horses, which race around the board, and may send one another back to start.


Stones are placed on the ground to make a square with ten spaces per side, the spaces between the stones being the place where the pieces are played. One piece per player. Three sticks used as dice, one side flat, the other round. One of the sticks is notched on the round side. Throws are as follows: All flat sides up = 5; all round sides up = 10; one flat and two round, with no notches up = 1, two flat and one round, with no notches up = 3, two flat or two round, with notches up = 15. Pieces begin in one corner of the board. Players may move in opposite directions around the board, or in the same direction. When players move in the same direction, they may send the opponent's piece back to the beginning if they land on their spot. When the opponent is sent back to the beginning, they may then choose their direction of play. When players are moving in opposite directions, the opponent's piece may not be sent to start. The first player to travel around the board and land in the starting space wins.

Culin 1907: 194.


New Mexico.

Ludeme Description



Depaulis 2018: 34; Murray 1951: 153.

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Culin, S. 1907. Games of the North American Indians. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

Depaulis, T. 2018. "Ancient American Board Games I: From Teotihuacan to the Great Plains." Board Game Studies 12: 29-55.

Murray, H.J.R. 1951. A History of Board-Games Other Than Chess. Oxford: Clarendon Press.



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