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Tsun K'i (Çoan Kî)DLP Game   

Period Modern

Region Eastern Asia, Northern Asia, Southeastern Asia

Category Board, Race, Escape


Tsun K'i is a race game played in seventeenth century China. It is described in De Ludibus Orientalibus, which is the only source mentioning this game.


2x8 board, with rectangular spaces. Sixteen pieces per player, eight each placed on the two rectangles to each player's left. Each player moves their pieces in an anti-clockwise direction. Two six-sided dice. When a player rolls two 1s, they lose a piece. When a player rolls doubles of another number, the player may move two pieces the full total of the roll, or one piece only moves half the total roll. When consecutive numbers are rolled, the player may move one piece the total of the two dice and the second piece the value of the lower die, or may move one piece the total of the die and another piece the total of the dice minus 1. When the roll is two non-consecutive numbers, the player moves the values of the individual dice. The first player to move their pieces around the board and back to the starting position wins.

Hyde 1694: 65-68.



Ludeme Description

Tsun K'i.lud


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Murray 1951: 144; Culin 1895: 498-499.

Evidence Map

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Culin, S. 1895. 'Chinese Games with Dice and Dominoes.' Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution 1893 Including Report of the U.S. National Museum: 495–537.

Hyde, T. 1694. De Ludis Orientalibus Libri Duo: Historia Nerdiludii, hoc est Dicere, Trunculorum, cum quibuidam aliis Arabum, Persarum, Indorum, Chinensium, & aliarum Gentium Ludis tam Politicis quam Bellicis, plerumque Europae inauditis, multo minus visis: additis omnium Nominibus in dictarum Gentium Linguis. Ubi etiam Classicorum Graecorum & Latinorum loca quaedam melius quam hactenus factum est explicantur. Oxford: E Theatro Sheldoniano.

Murray, H.J.R. 1951. A History of Board-Games Other Than Chess. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

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