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Tshuba (Shimuana)DLP Game   

Period Modern

Region Eastern Africa, Southern Africa

Category Board, Sow, Four rows


Tshuba is a four-row mancala-style board game played by the Tsonga people of southeast Africa. It may be played on boards with four to 22 holes per row, and is similar to other games in the region.


4x4, 8, 10, 16, or 22 board. Two counters in each hole. Sowing occurs in an anti-clockwise direction. When the final counter of a sowing lands in an occupied hole, the contents are picked up and sowing continues. When the final counter lands in an empty hole in the player's inner row, the contents of the opponent's hole in the inner row opposite it are captured, and if there are counters also in the corresponding outer row hole, these are also captured. The player may also capture from another hole from the opponent's side of the board of their choosing. The turn ends. If the final counter lands in an empty hole in the player's outer row, the turn ends. Play continues until one player captures all of the opponent's counters, thus winning.

Junod 1912: 314-318.



Ludeme Description



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Murray 1951: 211; SIlva 1995: 142-141.

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Junod, H. 1912. The Life of a South African Tribe. Neuchatel: Imprimerie Attinger Frères.

Murray, H.J.R. 1951. A History of Board-Games Other Than Chess. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Silva, E. R. S. 1995. Jogos do quadrícula do tipo mancala com especial incidência nos praticados em Angola. Lisbon: Instituto de investigação cientifica tropical.

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