background Ludii Portal
Home of the Ludii General Game System


Home Games Forum Downloads References Concepts Contribute Tutorials Tournaments World Map Ludemes About

Tayam Sonalu DLP Game   

Period Modern

Region Southern Asia

Category Board, Race, Escape


Tayam Sonalu is a race game played on a cross-shaped board played by Tamil people of Sri Lanka. It is closely related to other race games on a cross-shaped board played throughout South Asia.


Four 3x8 rectangles, arranged in a cross shape around large central square. Four players. Four pieces per player. Two rectangular four-sided die, each marked as follows: 0, 1, 2, 4. When the throw is 0 and 1, the throw is called Tayam, when it is 0 and 4 it is called Sonal. Pieces enter the board from the central square onto the central row of their arm of the board, proceed down the central row, and then in an anti-clockwise direction around the circumference of the board, and back up the central row of their arm of the board, having to enter the central square with an exact throw. The first counter of each player must be entered with a throw of Tayam. After this, pieces may be entered with a throw of 1, 5, or Sonal, each of which enter the piece on the first square of the central row of their arm. These three throws also grant the player another throw. The throws made after entering a piece are made at once, and then the pieces moved afterward, the undivided value of each throw being used to move a piece. When a piece lands on a space occupied by an opponent's piece, the opponent's piece is sent back to start. If the opponent has two pieces on such a space, they both are sent back to start, but both may reenter the board with a single throw of 1, 5, or Sonal. The first player to place all of their pieces in the central square wins.

Parker 1909: 617-618.


Sri Lanka

Ludeme Description

Tayam Sonalu.lud


Browse all concepts for Tayam Sonalu here.


Murray 1951: 134-135.

Evidence Map

1 pieces of evidence in total. Browse all evidence for Tayam Sonalu here.

Click on any marker or highlighted region to view the evidence relating to it.
To view all regions, please select it from the category options below.

Evidence category:

Evidence coloured based on:

Map style:


Murray, H.J.R. 1951. A History of Board-Games Other Than Chess. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Parker, H. 1909. Ancient Ceylon. New Delhi: Asian Educational Services.

Similar Games



Royal Game of Ur


Pancha Keliya

20 Squares

Pagade Kayi Ata (Sixteen-handed)



Len Doat



     Contact Us

lkjh Maastricht University Department of Advanced Computing Sciences (DACS), Paul-Henri Spaaklaan 1, 6229 EN Maastricht, Netherlands Funded by a €2m ERC Consolidator Grant (#771292) from the European Research Council