background Ludii Portal
Home of the Ludii General Game System


Home Games Forum Downloads References Concepts Contribute Tutorials Tournaments World Map Ludemes About

Shakhmaty DLP Game   

Period Modern

Region Eastern Europe

Category Board, War, Replacement, Checkmate, Chess


Shakhmaty is a Chess game played in Russia that developed in parallel to Chess in Western Europe.


Played on an 8x8 board with pieces with specialized moves: Pawns (8): can move one space orthogonally forward, or two steps orthogonally forward on their first move, capture one space diagonally forward; Rooks (2): can move any number of spaces orthogonally; Bishops (2): can move any number of spaces diagonally; Knight (2): moves in any direction, one space orthogonally with one space forward diagonally; Queens (1): can move any number of spaces orthogonally or diagonally; Kings (1): can move one space orthogonally or diagonally. Castling, En Passant, and Pawn promotion allowed. Play begins by each player moving two of their pieces in the same turn, provided that neither enter the opponent's half of the board. An opponent's piece is captured by moving a player's own piece onto a space occupied by the opponent's piece. When a King can be captured on the next turn by an opponent's piece, it is in check. The King must not be in check at the end of the player's turn. If this is not possible, it is checkmate and the opponent wins.

Murray 1913: 385.



Ludeme Description



Browse all concepts for Shakhmaty here.


Linder 1979; Murray 1913: 378-388.

Evidence Map

2 pieces of evidence in total. Browse all evidence for Shakhmaty here.

Click on any marker or highlighted region to view the evidence relating to it.
To view all regions, please select it from the category options below.

Evidence category:

Evidence coloured based on:

Map style:


Butrimov, I. 1821. O shakhmatnoi igrie. St Petersburg: Pechatano v Senatskoĭ tipografīi

Linder, I. 1979. Chess in Old Russia. Moscow: Nauka.

Murray, H. J. R. 1913. A History of Chess. London: Oxford University Press.



     Contact Us

lkjh Maastricht University Department of Advanced Computing Sciences (DACS), Paul-Henri Spaaklaan 1, 6229 EN Maastricht, Netherlands Funded by a €2m ERC Consolidator Grant (#771292) from the European Research Council