background Ludii Portal
Home of the Ludii General Game System


Home Games Forum Downloads References Concepts Contribute Tutorials Tournaments World Map Ludemes About

Seega (Siga, Sija, Seeja)DLP Game   

Period Modern

Region Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa

Category Board, War, Custodial


Seega is a game played in North Africa, and is particularly well-known in Egypt and Sudan. It has been documented since the nineteenth century, but is likely to be older. The boards are typically scooped out of the sand or etched into stone surfaces.


5x5 board. Players begin by placing their pieces in prescribed spaces, and then alternating two-by-two in places as they see fit, except for the central space. Once all the spaces except the central one are filled, the first player moves a piece one space orthogonally to the empty space. Pieces are captured by surrounding them on either side by a player's own pieces. The player to capture all of the opponent's pieces wins.

Lane 1836: 356-357; Davies 1925: 138-139; Bolton 190.

These rules were taken from the Khamsáwee ruleset.

All Rulesets

Observed rulesets
Khamsáwee Observed rules of Seega.
Seb'áwee Played on a 7x7 board.
Tis'áwee Played on a 9x9 board.


North Africa

Ludeme Description



Browse all concepts for Seega here.


Murray 1951: 54-55; Parker 1909: 603-604.

Evidence Map

3 pieces of evidence in total. Browse all evidence for Seega here.

Click on any marker or highlighted region to view the evidence relating to it.
To view all regions, please select it from the category options below.

Evidence category:

Evidence coloured based on:

Map style:


Bolton, H. 1890. 'Seegà, an Egyptian Game.' Journal of American Folklore 3(9):132–134.

Davies, R. 1925. 'Some Arab Games and Puzzles.' Sudan Notes and Records. 8: 137–152.

Lane, E. W. 1836. An Account of the Manners and Customs of the Modern Egyptians. London: John Murray.

Murray, H.J.R. 1951. A History of Board-Games Other Than Chess. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Parker, H. 1909. Ancient Ceylon. New Delhi: Asian Educational Services.

Similar Games


Kharebga (5x5)

Kharebga (7x7)




Wari (Alignment)


Tre Guti





     Contact Us

lkjh Maastricht University Department of Advanced Computing Sciences (DACS), Paul-Henri Spaaklaan 1, 6229 EN Maastricht, Netherlands Funded by a €2m ERC Consolidator Grant (#771292) from the European Research Council