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Qatranj (Atranj)DLP Game   

Period Modern

Region Southern Asia

Category Board, War, Replacement, Checkmate, Chaturanga


Qatranj is a game with replacement captures played on a 10x10 board with 22 pieces. It was played in nineteenth century India.


10x10 board. 22 pieces per player. Pieces begin on the board in the following arrangement, and with the following movements: Outer row, from left corner: Rukh: moves orthogonally any distance; Ghora: moves orthogonally one space and then diagonally another space, jumping over the first space; Fil: moves diagonally any distance; Wazir: moves diagonally or orthogonally any distance; Shahzada: can move like the Wazir and like the Ghora; Padshah: moves one space in any direction; Kotwal: moves like the Shahzada; Fil, Ghora, Rukh. In the next row, the central two squares are occupied by the Urdabegini: move one space in the direction of the opponent's Padshah; the other spaces are occupied by Paidal: moves one square forward orthogonally or one diagonally to capture. The central two squares of the third row contain two more Ghora. Players alternate turns moving a piece to a space on the board. If one of the opponent's pieces is on the space to which a player moves their piece, the opponent's piece is captured. If the Padshah can be captured on the opponent's next turn, it is in check. The Padshah cannot remain in check at the end of the player's turn. If this is not possible, it is checkmate and the opponent wins.

Murray 1913: 347; Sahib 1901: 320.



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Murray 1913: 347.

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Murray, H. J. R. 1913. A History of Chess. London: Oxford University Press.

Sahib, L.R.B. 1901. Mo'allim-ul-Shatranj or Chess Monitor. Delhi: Imperial Book Depot Press.

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