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Pong Hau K'i (Horseshoe, On-Moul-Kono, Sua Tok Tong, Do Guti, Well Kono)





Eastern Asia, Northern Asia, Southern Asia


Board, Space, Blocking.


This game is widely played in Asia. It is a simple blocking game documented during the nineteenth century in East, South, and Southeast Asia, but medieval graffiti suggests that it may be even older.


Pieces begin on opposite sides of the square. Players take turns moving the piece to an empty spot either orthogonally or diagonally. but one orthogonal direction is forbidden. The player who blocks the other player from being able to move wins.

Culin 1895: 101.



Creation date


Ludeme Description

Pong Hau K'i.lud


Murray 1951: 92

Evidence Map

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Culin, S. 1895. Korean Games with Notes on the Corresponding Games of China and Japan. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania.

Gupta, H. 1926a. 'A Few Types of Seddentary Games Prevalent in the Punjab." Journal and Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 22(4): 143–148.

Murray, H.J.R. 1951. A History of Board-Games Other Than Chess. Oxford: Clarendon Press.



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