background Ludii Portal
Home of the Ludii General Game System


Home Games Forum Downloads Concepts Contribute Tutorials Tournaments World Map Ludemes About

Plakoto (Tsiliton, Mahbooseh)DLP Game   


Period Modern, 1900s

Region Southern Europe

Category Board, Race, Escape


Plakoto is a game related to Backgammon that is typically played as part of Tavli, along with Fevga and Portes, in the eastern Mediterranean.


Played on a standard Backgammon board. Each player starts with fifteen pieces on the starting point of their track. The pieces move around the board in opposite directions.
The object of the game is to bring all of one's checkers around to one's own home board
and then bear them off. The first player to bear off all of his or her checkers wins the game.
Each player rolls one die. The player who rolls highest goes first. The player then rolls two die to begin play. After the first game, the winner of the previous game goes first. The roll of the dice indicates how many pips the player must move their pieces.
The numbers on the two dice constitute separate moves. Doubles are played twice. A player must use both numbers of a roll if possible, or all four numbers in the case of doubles. A piece may not be moved to a point occupied by two or more of the opponent's pieces.. The player cannot move a piece to a point where the opponent has trapped another of the player's pieces.
If a player lands on a point
occupied by a single opposing piece, the opponent’s piece is trapped until the trapping player removes their piece. If the last piece remaining in the starting position gets pinned by the opponent before
it has left the starting position, the game is over and the player loses two points. The only exception is if
the opponent still has pieces on their starting position. A game in which both players' respective
pieces in the starting position are trapped is a draw.
Once a player has moved all fifteen of their pieces into the player's home
section of the board (that is, the six points at the end of the player's track), the player may begin bearing off. A player cannot bear off when the player has one or
more pieces trapped inside the player's home section. A player bears off by rolling a number
equal to the number of points left in the track of a piece, plus one. If there is no checker on the point indicated by the roll, then the player must make a legal move using a piece that will not remove it from the board. If there are no pieces available to fulfill this, the player must remove a piece that is furthest from the goal. The first player to bear off all fifteen pieces wins the game. If the losing player has
borne off at least one piece, they lose only one point. If the losing player has not borne off a
single piece by the time the opponent has borne off all of their pieces, then the player loses two points.

Ludeme Description



Browse all concepts for Plakoto here.

Evidence Map

1 pieces of evidence in total. Browse all evidence for Plakoto here.

Click on any marker or highlighted region to view the evidence relating to it.
To view all regions, please select it from the category options below.

Evidence category:

Evidence coloured based on:

Map style:



     Contact Us

lkjh Maastricht University Data Science and Knowledge Engineering (DKE), Paul-Henri Spaaklaan 1, 6229 EN Maastricht, Netherlands Funded by a €2m ERC Consolidator Grant (#771292) from the European Research Council