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Pallankuli (Pallanguli)




Southern Asia


Pallankuli is a two-row mancala-style board game played primarily by women in South India. Men do play the game, but typically gambled when playing.


Two rows of seven holes starts with six counters in each hole Play begins from any of a PLayer's holes, even if there is just one. Sowing occurs anticlockwise. When sowing, if the contents of a hole are brought to four, those are picked up and sowing continues until the last counter is sown. If sowing ends in an empty hole, the contents of the next hole are taken and turn ends. If they end in a hole with counters, these are taken and sowing continues. Play ends when a player has no counters in their holes, remaining player takes all the remaining counters. In the next round, the player with the smaller number of counters captured from the previous round fills as many of their holes as they can, starting from the left and filling each hole with six counters. Leftover counters are placed in the player's store. The opponent then does the same. Any holes remaining empty are out of play for this round, otherwise play continues as before. The right to begin alternates from round to round. Further rounds are played until one player has fewer than six counters.

Durai 1928: 135.


Murray 1951: 169-170.

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Durai, H. 1928. "Pallanguli: A South Indian Game." Man 28: 185-186.

Murray, H.J.R. 1951. A History of Board-Games Other Than Chess. Oxford: Clarendon Press.



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