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Owasokotz (Wasokuts)DLP Game   

Period Modern

Region Northern America

Category Board, Race, Reach


Owasokotz is a race game played by the Kawalka people of New Mexico. It can be played two ways, one which requires the player to pass the starting point, and another which requires the player to land exactly on the starting point, which also allows players to send each other back to start.


Forty stones arranged in a circle, with a larger gap after every tenth stone. These gaps are known as doors. Any number of players, each player begins with one piece, which begins at the east door. Three sticks used as dice, black on one side, white on the other, with one stick notched on the white side. The throws are as follows: two black with one notched white side up = 15; three white sides up = 10; two black and one white, not notched = 3, two white and one black = 2, three black = 5. Throws of 10 and 15 grant the player another throw. Players may move in either direction around the circle. To win, the player must complete a circuit of the board and pass the east door.

Culin 1907: 121-122.

These rules were taken from the Owasokotz Pass ruleset.

All Rulesets

Observed rulesets
Owasokotz Pass Players must pass the starting point to win.
Owasokotz Enter Players win by reaching the starting point, and send opponents back to start by landing on them.


New Mexico

Ludeme Description



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Murray 1951: 153.

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Culin, S. 1907. Games of the North American Indians. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

Murray, H.J.R. 1951. A History of Board-Games Other Than Chess. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

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