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Nebäkuthana (Nebakuthana, Tsoñä)DLP Game   

Period Modern

Region Northern America

Category Board, Race, Reach


Nebäkuthana is a race game played by the Arapaho, Apache, Comanche, and Kiowa people of Oklahoma and Wyoming. It has many similarities to other race games with stick dice played in the Great Plains and Southwest United States.


The board is rectangular, with six points on either side, with each side divided in half by two short parallel lines, which are the "rivers." There are four arcs in the corners of the "square". The points and lines are the playing spaces. Players play on two teams. One stick, serving as the playing piece, per team, which start one each on the parallel lines on the bottom side. Each team has a number of scoring sticks, determined at the beginning of the game. There are four throwing sticks, three are blank on one side and marked on the other, one stick, the sahe, is marked distinctively on two sides, marked with a green line on the flat side, while the others are marked red. The number of marked sides is the value of the throw, except when all are face up, which scores 6, and when only flat sides are up, which scores 10. Throws of 6 or 10 give the player another throw, as do throws of 1 and 3 if the sahe's marked side is up. All of the players on team throw before the players of the other team throw. Play begins from the middle of the river on one side. Each team moves in an opposite direction around the board. If a team's stick lands on the edge of the river opposite the starting position, the piece is sent back to start. If a player lands on the same space as the opposing team's stick, the opposing team's stick is sent back to start. When a team reaches the starting point, having completed a circuit of the board, the team wins a scoring stick. When one team captures all of the scoring sticks, they win.

Mooney 1896: 1002-1004.


United States

Ludeme Description



Browse all concepts for Nebäkuthana here.


Culin 1907: 126-127; Murray 1951: 155.

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Culin, S. 1907. Games of the North American Indians. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

Mooney, J. 1896. The Ghost-Dance Religion and the Sioux Outbreak of 1890. Fourteenth Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution 2.

Murray, H.J.R. 1951. A History of Board-Games Other Than Chess. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

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