background Ludii Portal
Home of the Ludii General Game System


Part of the Digital Ludeme Project background    

Home Games Forum Downloads Tutorials Tournaments History World Map Team

Nardshir (Nardashir, New-Ardakhshir)


Central Asia, Southern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe


Nardshir is a game attested from Persia and Mesopotamia from the middle of the first century CE. It is the ancestor of the game Nard, and may be the ancestor of similar games such as Backgammon.


Board with 24 points, board divided into four quadrants. 15 pieces per player. Two players. Two dice. Pieces move in opposite directions from one another. Three pieces start one line six, eight, and twelve; two on lines one, three, and seven. Single pieces are removed from the board and must reenter when an opposing piece lands on the same space.

DLP evidence.




Murray 1951: 113-115.

Evidence Map

2 pieces of evidence in total. Browse all evidence for Nardshir here.

Click on any marker or highlighted region to view the evidence relating to it.
To view all regions, please select it from the category options below.

Evidence category:

Evidence coloured based on:

Map style:


Murray, H.J.R. 1951. A History of Board-Games Other Than Chess. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Panaino, A. 2017. WIZĀRIŠN Ī ČATRANG UD NIHIŠN Ī NĒW-ARDAXŠĪR. Encyclopaedia Iranica. accessed 03/23/2020.

Talmud Bavli. The William Davidson Talmud Online. Sefaria. accessed 07/07/2020.



     Contact Us

lkjh Maastricht University
Data Science and Knowledge Engineering (DKE)
Paul-Henri Spaaklaan 1, 6229 EN Maastricht, Netherlands
This project is funded by a 2m euro
ERC Consolidator Grant from the
European Research Council