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Nardshir (Nardashir, New-Ardakhshir)DLP Game   

Period Medieval

Region Central Asia, Southern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe

Category Reconstruction, Done, Board, Race, Escape


Nardshir is a game attested from Persia and Mesopotamia from the middle of the first century CE. It is the ancestor of the game Nard, and may be the ancestor of similar games such as Backgammon.


Board with 24 points, board divided into four quadrants. 15 pieces per player. Two players. Two six-sided dice. Pieces move in opposite directions from one another. Single pieces are removed from the board and must reenter when an opposing piece lands on the same space.

These rules were taken from the Historical Information ruleset.

All Rulesets

Reconstructed rulesets
Nardshir (Ludii 1) Reconstructed with Ludii
Nardshir (Ludii 2) Reconstructed with Ludii
Nardshir (Ludii 3) Reconstructed with Ludii
Nardshir (Ludii 4) Reconstructed with Ludii
Nardshir (Ludii 5) Reconstructed with Ludii
Nardshir (Ludii 6) Reconstructed with Ludii
Nardshir (Ludii 7) Reconstructed with Ludii
Nardshir (Ludii 8) Reconstructed with Ludii
Nardshir (Ludii 9) Reconstructed with Ludii
Nardshir (Ludii 10) Reconstructed with Ludii

Incomplete rulesets
Historical Information Rules from DLP evidence.



Ludeme Description



Browse all concepts for Nardshir here.


Murray 1951: 113-115.

Evidence Map

3 pieces of evidence in total. Browse all evidence for Nardshir here.

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Amitai-Preiss, N. 1997. 'Arabic inscriptions, graffiti and games.'In Y. Hirschfeld, The Roman Baths of Hamat Gader: Final Report. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society. pp. 267–278.

Murray, H.J.R. 1951. A History of Board-Games Other Than Chess. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Panaino, A. 2017. WIZĀRIŠN Ī ČATRANG UD NIHIŠN Ī NĒW-ARDAXŠĪR. Encyclopaedia Iranica. accessed 03/23/2020.

Talmud Bavli. The William Davidson Talmud Online. Sefaria. accessed 07/07/2020.



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