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Mǎnzhōuqí (Manzhouqi)DLP Game   

Period Modern

Region Eastern Asia, Northern Asia

Category Board, War, Replacement, Checkmate, Xiangqi


Manzhouqi is a game described by Xu Ke, a Qing Dynasty historian, who says it was played in Manchuria. It is similar to Xiangqi, and each player plays with different pieces.


Manzhouqi is played on a Xiangqi board. The black player's pieces are set up as in Xiangqi, but the white player has the following pieces: Five soldiers: Move one space forward orthogonally. Two courtiers: Move one space diagonally and cannot leave the palace. One general: Moves on space orthogonally and cannot leave the palace. Two elephants: Move two spaces diagonally and cannot cross the river. One chariot: can move any distance orthogonally, taking either by jumping or by landing on the same space, and can also move like a knight in chess. The player that checkmates the other player's general wins.

Lo 2007: 126.



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Lo, A. 2007. An introduction to board games in Late Imperial China. In I. Finkel (ed), Ancient Board Games in Perspective. London: The British Museum Press. pp. 125–132.

Xu Ke. 1986. Qingbai leichao. Beijing.

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