background Ludii Portal
Home of the Ludii General Game System


Home Games Forum Downloads References Concepts Contribute Tutorials Tournaments World Map Ludemes About

Kotra DLP Game   

Period Modern

Region Northern Europe

Category Board, Race, Escape


Kotra is a race game related to other European Tables games that was played in Iceland. References to the game appear in early texts, suggesting that the game came to Iceland at an early date.


2x12 board, with the spaces rendered as points, divided into half. Fifteen pieces per player, which begin on the rightmost point, with respect to the player, on the opposite side of the board from which they sit. Two six-sided dice. Players move according to the number on each die by moving one piece the value on one die then another piece the value on the other die, or by moving one piece the value of one die and then the value of the other. A throw of doubles forces the player to play the throw twice. More than two pieces of the same player may not occupy a point on the starting side of the board. The player cannot move past the penultimate point on the opposite side of the board until five pieces have been moved from the starting point. A single opponent's piece may be removed from the board when a player's piece lands on it, and the opponent's piece must reenter the board. Pieces cannot move to a point occupied by two opponent's piece. A piece cannot reenter then board on a point occupied by another piece, whether belonging to the player or the opponent. When all of a player's pieces have reached the final quadrant of the board, the player may begin to remove them from the table. The player who bears off their pieces scores two points.

Fiske 1905: 348-352.



Ludeme Description



Browse all concepts for Kotra here.


Fiske 1905: 348-353; Murray 1951: 127.

Evidence Map

1 pieces of evidence in total. Browse all evidence for Kotra here.

Click on any marker or highlighted region to view the evidence relating to it.
To view all regions, please select it from the category options below.

Evidence category:

Evidence coloured based on:

Map style:


Arnarson, J and O. Daviðsson. 1888-1892. Islenzkar Gatur, Skemantir, Vikivakar og Þulur. Copenhagen: S. L. Möllers.

Fiske, W. 1905. Chess in Iceland and in Icelandic Literature with Historical Notes on other Table-Games. Florence: The Florentine Typographical Society.

Murray, H.J.R. 1951. A History of Board-Games Other Than Chess. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Similar Games

Buffa de Baldrac

Seys Dos y As




Todas Tablas



Pareia de Entrada

XII Scripta



     Contact Us

lkjh Maastricht University Data Science and Knowledge Engineering (DKE), Paul-Henri Spaaklaan 1, 6229 EN Maastricht, Netherlands Funded by a €2m ERC Consolidator Grant (#771292) from the European Research Council