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Janggi (Korean Chess, Tjyang-keui, Changgi, Jangki)

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Period(s)

Modern

Region(s)

Eastern Asia, Northern Asia

Categories

Board, War, Xiangqi.

Description

Janggi is played in Korea and is very similar to other games derived from Indian Chaturanga throughout East Asia. It is very popular in Korea, and international tournaments are becoming more popular.

Rules

The board has nine vertical lines and ten horizontal rows, and the pieces are placed on the intersections of these lines. Centreed along the back lines of each side is a three by three square with diagonals known as the palace. Pieces have special movement values: Janggun (general): May move one spot along the lines within the palace but cannot leave it. Sa (guards): Same movement as the Janggun. Ma (horses): Move one spot forward orthogonally and then one forward diagonally. Sang (elephants): Move one spot orthogonally forward then two spots diagonally forward. A Ma and Sang can be switched in the initial setup. Cha (chariots): Move like a rook in Chess, but also diagonally within the palace. Po (cannons): Jump over exactly one piece, over any distance horizontally or vertically, but cannot jump over or capture another cannon. Byeong/Jol (soldiers): Move and capture one point forward or sideways. Play continues until Woetong (checkmate) of the Janggun.

Culin 1895: 82-88.

Origin

Korea

Ludeme Description

Janggi.lud

Reference

Murray 1913: 134–137

Evidence Map

1 pieces of evidence in total. Browse all evidence for Janggi here.

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Sources

Culin, S. 1895. Korean Games with Notes on the Corresponding Games of China and Japan. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania.

Murray, H. J. R. 1913. A History of Chess. London: Oxford University Press.

Identifiers

DLP.Game.450

BGG.5400

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