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Northwest Europe


"King's Table:" Hnefatafl is a Nordic game mentioned frequently in medieval texts from Scandinavia, Iceland, and the British Isles. Hnefatafl appears to be related to a range of other tafl games, in which on side has a king and a smaller number of pawns, situted in the center of the board, playing against an opponent with more pieces. The king's goal is largely thought to be to escape to one of the corners, and the opponent's goal is to capture the king.


to be reconstructed.



Evidence Map

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Berger, F. 1998. 'Das Spielbrett auf dem Stein von Ockelbo.' Archäologische Informationen 21(2): 279–281.

Murray, H.J.R. 1951 A History of Board-Games Other Than Chess. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Schulte, M. 2017. Board games of the Vikings— from hnefatafl to chess. Maal og Minne. 1–42.

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