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Hawalis

Period

Modern

Region

Description

Hawalis is a mancala style game played in Oman that closely mirrors bao ki-arabu in Zanzibar. It has been observed being played outside in Muscat, and the players were Arab-speaking Omani men. The board has 4 rows of 7 holes, and is often played as holes dug out in the sand.

Rules

Play begins with two seeds in each hole. Each player owns the two rows closest to them. Play proceeds by taking the seeds from one hole and sowing them one by one in consecutive holes. If the last seed falls in a hole in the inner row, and the opponent's hole opposite it is not empty, then the opponent's seeds in that hole are captured. Players can only play from holes with single counters when there is no other option, and they may not sow into another hole that already contains a counter. Play continues until one player no longer has any seeds.

Origin

Oman? Zanzibar?

Ludeme Description

Hawalis.lud

Variants

Evidence Map

1 pieces of evidence in total. Browse all evidence for Hawalis here.

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Sources

de Voogt, A. 2003. Hawalis in Oman: a first account of expertise and dispersal of four-row mancala in the Middle East. Board Game Studies 6: 5–98.

Reference ID

DLP.Game.104

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