background Ludii Portal
Home of the Ludii General Game System


Home Games Forum Downloads References Concepts Contribute Tutorials Tournaments World Map Ludemes About

Gyan Chaupar (Snakes and Ladders, Chutes and Ladders)DLP Game   

Period Modern

Region Southern Asia

Category Board, Race, Reach


Gyan Chaupar is a game originating in India at an unknown time in the past. Since its origin in India, the game had moralistic tones, with setback and boons in the game associated with immoral or moral behavior, respectively. There are different variations based on Jain, Hindu, Islamic, and other religious traditions. It came to England around 1890 and was commercialized in other places like the Unites States as "Snakes (or Chutes) and Ladders."


10x10 board. Each player has one piece and move according to the roll of one die. Representations of snakes and ladders are scattered throughout the board, connecting two spaces. If a player lands at the bottom of the ladder at the end of their move, they advance to the space at the top of the ladder. If a player ends their turn on a space with the head of a snake, they move down to the space with the tail of the snake. The first player to move off the last space of the board wins.

Topsfield 2006: 86.



Ludeme Description

Gyan Chaupar.lud


Browse all concepts for Gyan Chaupar here.


Murray 1951: 143

Evidence Map

4 pieces of evidence in total. Browse all evidence for Gyan Chaupar here.

Click on any marker or highlighted region to view the evidence relating to it.
To view all regions, please select it from the category options below.

Evidence category:

Evidence coloured based on:

Map style:


Murray, H.J.R. 1951. A History of Board-Games Other Than Chess. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Topsfield, A. 2006. Instant karma: The meaning of Snakes and Ladders. In Topsfield, A. ed., The Art of Play: Board and Card Games of India. Mumbai: Marg Publications. pp. 75–89.

Similar Games

King's Valley




Siga (Sri Lanka)


Main Pacheh

Uturu Uturu Kaida






     Contact Us

lkjh Maastricht University Department of Advanced Computing Sciences (DACS), Paul-Henri Spaaklaan 1, 6229 EN Maastricht, Netherlands Funded by a €2m ERC Consolidator Grant (#771292) from the European Research Council