background Ludii Portal
Home of the Ludii General Game System


Home Games Forum Downloads References Concepts Contribute Tutorials Tournaments World Map Ludemes About

Gamacha DLP Game   

Period Modern

Region Eastern Africa

Category Board, Sow, Two rows


Gamacha is a two-row mancala-style board game played by the Hadiya people of Ethiopia. This version of the game was considered to be the older version of several types played.


2x12 board. The board begins with the following pattern of counters in the holes, beginning from the bottom left row and proceeding in an anti-clockwise direction: 0-0-4-0-4-0-4-0-4-0-4-0-4-0-4-0-4-0-4-0-4-0-4-0. One player starts with an additional four counters in their left hand hole. The player with fewer counters on their first move places the counters from their seventh hole into the opponent's opposite hole. Sowing occurs in an anti-clockwise direction, and may only happen when the final counter lands either in an empty hole in the player's own row or in any hole in the opponent's row. When the final counter lands in an empty hole in the player's own row, the contents of the opposite hole in the opponent's row are captured. When the final counter lands in an occupied hole in the opponent's row, these counters are picked up and sowing continues. The final counter of this sowing is allowed to fall into an occupied hole in the player's own row, and these are picked up and sowing continues. Sowing ends when the final counter lands in an empty hole. The game ends when one player has no counters on their side of the board, and the opponent wins.

Pankhurst 1972: 184-185.



Ludeme Description



Browse all concepts for Gamacha here.


Pankhurst 1971: 184.

Evidence Map

1 pieces of evidence in total. Browse all evidence for Gamacha here.

Click on any marker or highlighted region to view the evidence relating to it.
To view all regions, please select it from the category options below.

Evidence category:

Evidence coloured based on:

Map style:


Pankhurst, R. 1971. Gabata and Related Board Games of Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa. Ethiopia Observer 14(3):154-206.

Similar Games



Main Chongkak

Fergen Gobale

Gabata (Wuqro)

Gabata (Ansaba)

Papan Dakon

Gabata (Ghinda)

Mawkar Katiya

Um el Banat



     Contact Us

lkjh Maastricht University Department of Advanced Computing Sciences (DACS), Paul-Henri Spaaklaan 1, 6229 EN Maastricht, Netherlands Funded by a €2m ERC Consolidator Grant (#771292) from the European Research Council