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English Draughts (Dams, Dames, Forçat, Forcé, Dammes, Checkers)

Leaderboard

Period(s)

Modern

Region(s)

Southern Europe, Western Europe

Categories

Board, War, Leaping, Draughts.

Description

One of the most popular versions of Draughts, derived from the medieval game of Draughts but with the difference of the forced capture, hence its early name "Forçat." It probably originated in France, but it gained greater popularity in Britain, and spread from there to the American colonies and to some Native American populations. It remains a popular game today.

Rules

Played on an 8x8 board with each player having twelve pieces. Pieces move diagonally one space forward, and can capture opponent's pieces by jumping them if they are adjacent. Capturing must happen if it is possible. Once pieces reach the opposite side of the board from their starting position, they become kings and can move diagonally either forwards or backwards. The goal is to capture all of the opponent's pieces.

Murray 1951: 76-77.

Origin

France

Ludeme Description

English Draughts.lud

Reference

Murray 1951: 76–77 van der Stoep 1984: 147–149

Evidence Map

1 pieces of evidence in total. Browse all evidence for English Draughts here.

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Sources

Murray, H.J.R. 1951. A History of Board-Games Other Than Chess. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Rabelais, F. 1534. Gargantua.

van der Stoep, A. 1984. A History of Draughts: with a Diachronic Study of Words for Draughts, Chess, Backgammon, and Morris. trans. by Monique de Meijer. The Hague: CIP-Gegevens Koninklijke Bibliotheek.

Identifiers

DLP.Game.28

BGG.2083

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