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Dra (Dili, Wali, Kyoti)





Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Western Africa


Board, Space, Line.


Dra is a game popular in West Africa, particularly in the areas of the Sahel and across several groups including the Touareg, Hausa, Bambara, Bozo, Sourai, and Fula. Typically, one player plays with twelve sticks, the other with twelve stones.


5x6 board. Each player has twelve pieces. Players alternate placing their pieces until they are all placed on the board. The goal is to make a line of three, which allows the player to capture one of the opponent's pieces. Once the pieces are all on the board, they may be moved one space orthogonally. In the case that a move creates two lines of three, only one capture is made. The player who captures the most pieces wins. Matches are typically played to a score of ten, with a player scoring one point by winning a game, and two points for winning without any of their pieces being captured.

Monod 1939: 12-13.


West Africa

Ludeme Description



Murray 1951: 49.

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Monod, T. 1950. Sur quelques jeux africains à quadrillages. Notes Africains 45: 11–13.

Murray, H.J.R. 1951. A History of Board-Games Other Than Chess. Oxford: Clarendon Press.




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