background Ludii Portal
Home of the Ludii General Game System


Home Games Forum Downloads References Concepts Contribute Tutorials Tournaments World Map Ludemes About

Bashni (Bashne, Bashny)DLP Game   

Period Modern

Region Eastern Europe

Category Board, War, Leaping, Diagonal


Bashni is a game with leaping captures played in Russia during the nineteenth century. It is the inspiration behind the game Lasca. Instead of removing pieces from the board when they are captured, they are stacked underneath the capturing piece.


8x8 board. Twelve pieces per player. Pieces begin on the dark spaces. White plays first. Players alternate turns moving their pieces diagonally one space forward to an empty space. A piece may capture an opponent's piece by hopping over it to an empty space on the opposite side of the opponent's piece, in a forward direction only. When pieces are captured, they are placed underneath the piece making the capture, forming a stack, controlled by the player whose piece is on top, the "commander." When a stack is captured, the commander is captured and the capturing piece becomes the commander, thus reducing the stack by one. The piece which is now on top of the stack now becomes the commander of that stack. Stacks always move together and cannot be broken apart. Capturing is compulsory when it is possible. There is no obligation to capture the maximum number of pieces. A player who captures the commander of a stack can only capture from the same stack in the same turn again if there is another intervening capture between the two captures from the stack. When a piece reaches the opposite end of the board from where it started, it becomes a king immediately. If it is promoted in the midst of a sequence of captures, it may begin to capture as a king immediately when it is promoted. Kings move any number of spaces in either direction. Kings may capture by hopping over any distance, as long as there are no intervening pieces, and may land on any space beyond the captured piece, as long as the move is in a straight line and the captured piece is the only piece in the line. When a king is capturing and there is a choice for where it ends it's capturing leap, an option which allows further captures must be taken if possible. Kings retain their rank when in a stack. Stacks move according to the rank of its commander. Play continues until one player cannot make a legal move; the opponent wins.

Michaelsen and Pakhomov 2000: 6-7.



Ludeme Description



Browse all concepts for Bashni here.


Angerstein 2002: 79-80.

Evidence Map

1 pieces of evidence in total. Browse all evidence for Bashni here.

Click on any marker or highlighted region to view the evidence relating to it.
To view all regions, please select it from the category options below.

Evidence category:

Evidence coloured based on:

Map style:


Angerstein, W. 2002. 'Das Säulenspeil Laska: Renaissance einer fast vergessenen Dame-Variante mit Verbindungen zum Schach.' Board Game Studies 5: 79-99.

Michaelsen, P. and V. Pakhomov. 2000. 'Bashne: An Old Russian Cousin of Draughts.' Abstract Games Magazine 1: 6-8.

Similar Games

Main Dam

International Draughts


English Draughts

American Pool Checkers

Brazilian Draughts

Canadian Draughts

Unnamed Dutch Draughts Game


Dama (Italy)



     Contact Us

lkjh Maastricht University Department of Advanced Computing Sciences (DACS), Paul-Henri Spaaklaan 1, 6229 EN Maastricht, Netherlands Funded by a €2m ERC Consolidator Grant (#771292) from the European Research Council