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Southern Asia


Board, Race, Reach.


Ashtapada is a term referring to a board game that predates chess in India. It is widely believed that the 8x8 ashtapada board, which is marked in certain places, was appropriated and used for chess, since many chess boards in India maintain the ashtapada markings, though they are meaningless for chess. In the Ashtapabada of Balabharata (13th century), a dice game is described as being played on the ashtapada, with dice determining the movement of pieces on the board.


8x8 board. One die. Two players. One plays as black, the other as red.

DLP evidence

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Suggested rulesets
KIle Suggested by J. Kile



Ludeme Description


Evidence Map

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Lüders, H. 1907. Das Würfelspiel im alten Indien. Berlin: Weidmannsche Buchhandlung.

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