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Evidence in Shoa Gojam Begemder

2 pieces of evidence found.

Id DLP.Evidence.1169
Type Ethnography
Game Gabata (Shoa I)
Date 1977-01-01 - 1977-12-31
Rules 2x6 board Four counters in each hole. Players draw lots to see who goes first. Players pick up the counters in any of the holes in their row and sow them in an anti-clockwise direction. If the last counter falls into a hole that is occupied, the player picks up the contents of this hole and continues to sow. When the last counter falls into an empty hole, the play ends. Capturing occurs when the last counter falls into a hole on the opponent's side of the board containing three counters, increasing it to four. This hole then belongs to the player who captured it. A player cannot pick up counters from this hole, and the opponent can only do so if the last counter of their sowing falls there, in which case the opponent takes one counter from it, along with the final counter. The captured hole remains in the ownership of the person who captured it. If it remains empty and the opponent drops their last counter into this hole, the last counter is removed. Play then continues by picking up the contents of another hole and continuing to sow. If a player cannot move, they pass, but the opponent may continue to make moves. The player could then resume play if the opponent's moves create a possibility for a move. Play ends when there are no more counters available to move. Each player owns the counters in their captured holes or which they have removed from the board. A second round is played, each player placing four counters into each hole starting from the rightmost hole in their row. The player with more counters gains a hole from their opponent for every four extra balls they've captured. If an opponent has three extra after counting in such a way, they also gain a hole, but not if there are one or two extra. Play continues in several rounds like this until one player takes all the counters.
Content Full discussion of rules and history in Pankhurst 1971: 174-176.
Confidence 100
Source Pankhurst, R. 1971. Gabata and Related Board Games of Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa. Ethiopia Observer 14(3):154-206.

Id DLP.Evidence.1216
Type Ethnography
Game Gabata (Shoa and Adegrat)
Date 1971-01-01 - 1971-12-31
Rules 2x6 board. Four counters in each hole. The game begins with a stylised move. One player takes one counter from their rightmost hole, and holds in in their hand. They then take one counter from the next hole, moving in an anti-clockwise direction, and place it in the next hole. They then take a counter from the next hole after that, and placing it in the next hole, continuing until there is an alternating pattern of a hole with five counters followed by a hole with three counters. The original hole from which the first counter was taken will have four counters. The player will then place the first counter taken into the next hole in the opponent's row, causing it to hold four counters. This creates a weg, a hole captured by that player, which is involved in capturing (see below). Players alternate making this first move in subsequent rounds. The next phase begins once this stylised move is completed. Sowing occurs in an anti-clockwise direction.If the final counter of a sowing falls into a hole containing counters, these are piced up and sowing continues. A player's turn ends when the final counter falls into an empty hole. When the final counter of a sowing falls into a hole containing three counters, it creates a weg, and the turn ends. Players cannot sow from a weg they've captured. A player may capture counters from an opponent's weg when the final counter of a sowing falls into the opponent's weg on the player's turn. The final counter and one counter in the weg are captured. The player may then take the counters from any of their holes and sow from there. If a player cannot play, they must pass their turn, but may play again if this becomes possible in a subsequent turn. Play ends when there are no possible moves left on the board. Players then capture the counters in their wegs. A new round begins. The players fill as many of their holes with four counters as they are able. The player with more counters will capture as many holes from the opponent in which they can place four or more counters. If the player has three remaining counters after holes are filled with four, the opponent would cede their one remaining counter to the opponent to make four and the player captures one further hole. If there are two remaining, the players draw lots to determine which player owns the remaining hole. The player who played second in the previous round begins the new round with the same stylized move, and play continues as before after that. Play continues until one player owns no holes; the opponent wins.
Content "Gabata II...merely a variant of gabata I based on the addition of a single though by no means unimportant opening gambit...After four balls have been placed in each of the holes, as in Game 20 the player begins operations in an entirely different manner. Thus instead of picking up the entire contents of any of his holes he takes only one counter, preferably from the hole on his extreme right. Then...he places this ball in his palm, and, moving in an anti-clockwise direction, he takes up a ball from his opponent's immediately opposing hole, and places it in the adjacent hole, continuing in this way-so that the contents of each hole alternate between three and five balls-until he reaches the last of his opponent's holes into which he places the counter he had originally palmed, thereby making a weg by increasing its contents from three to four balls. The first player in this game thus automatically captures a weg in his first round, doing so moreover in the location which, as we have seen, was the best possible one for such a capture. This victory, however, makes little difference to the final outcome of the game, for the players usually take turns every round as to whom should play first. After this initial gambit it is the second player's turn to move, and the game proceeds in exactly the same manner as in Game 20." Pankhurst 1971: 176-177.
Confidence 100
Source Pankhurst, R. 1971. Gabata and Related Board Games of Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa. Ethiopia Observer 14(3):154-206.

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