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Evidence for Mahjong

3 pieces of evidence found.

Id DLP.Evidence.1128
Type Artifact
Location 26° 4'28.14"N,119°17'47.23"E
Date 1872-02-22 - 1873-09-12
Rules Three quadruplicated suits, five quadruplicated directions, four rulers, four rulers of the directions, four quadruplicated seasons, eight blanks.
Content Set of bone and bamboo Mahjong dominoes from Fuzhou, China, acquired by George B. Glover, US Consul. 143 marked pieces, two blanks. Three quadruplicated suits, five quadruplicated directions, four rulers, four rulers of the directions, four quadruplicated seasons, eight blanks. Missing one "9 of Cash," one "6 String of Cash," one "Spring," one "Heavenly Ruler," one "Northern Ruler." Culin 1895: 519; Stanwick 2004. American Museum of Natural History 1869.90.19. (1/2377).
Confidence 100
Source Culin, S. 1895. 'Chinese Games with Dice and Dominoes.' Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution 1893 Including Report of the U.S. National Museum: 495–537., Stanwick, M. 2004. 'Mahjong(g) before Mahjong(g): Part 1.' The Playing-Card 32(4): 153–162.

Id DLP.Evidence.1129
Type Artifact
Location 26° 4'28.14"N,119°17'47.23"E
Date 1872-02-22 - 1873-09-12
Rules Four quadruplicated suits, five quadruplicated directions, four quadruplicated seasons, four rulers, four rulers of directions.
Content Set of ivory Mahjong tiles acquired by George Glover, US Consul in Fuzhou, China, 1872-1873. Four quadruplicated suits, five quadruplicated directions, four quadruplicated seasons, four rulers, four rulers of directions. Four blanks and one "1 of Cash" missing. Brooklyn Museum 28.779. Culin 1895: 519; Stanwick 2004.
Confidence 100
Source Culin, S. 1895. 'Chinese Games with Dice and Dominoes.' Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution 1893 Including Report of the U.S. National Museum: 495–537., Stanwick, M. 2004. 'Mahjong(g) before Mahjong(g): Part 1.' The Playing-Card 32(4): 153–162.

Id DLP.Evidence.1130
Type Artifact
Location 29°51'44.57"N,121°33'0.99"E
Date 1868-01-01 - 1876-12-31
Rules Three quadruplicated suits, three flowers, four quadruplicated directions, four kings of five directions, four kings, four seasons, eight blanks.
Content Set of bamboo Mahjong tiles, acquired by Karl Himly during his stay in Shanghai from 1868-1876, from Ningbo. Three quadruplicated suits, three flowers, four quadruplicated directions, four kings of five directions, four kings, four seasons, eight blanks. Present location unknown. Himly 1901: 20-23; Stanwick 2004; Depaulis 2007: 148-149.
Confidence 100
Source Stanwick, M. 2004. 'Mahjong(g) before Mahjong(g): Part 1.' The Playing-Card 32(4): 153–162., Himly, K. 'Die Abteilung der Spiele im "Spiegel der Manschu-Sprache": VII. Forsetzung. T'oung Pao 2(1):1–23., Depaulis, T. 2007. 'Embarrassing Tiles: Mahjong and the Taipings.' The Playing-Card 35(3): 148–153.

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