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Evidence for Pasa

2 pieces of evidence found.

Id DLP.Evidence.1318
Type Ethnography
Location Ecuador
Date 1735-01-01 - 1744-12-31
Rules The board is a double-headed eagle, with two lines of ten holes. One seven-sided die. Oe side has a special mark, one is blank, and the others are numbered 1-5. The special mark scores 10, the blank side scores -10. Players roll the die, and add up their scores as they go, placing a peg in a hole to mark ten points. The player who reaches 100 points first wins.
Content "Tanto quanto se abandonan los Indios al vicio de la embriaguez, son agenos de el del juego; siendo assi que estos dos se suelen notar casi siempre compañeros: tan poco dados son à èl, que no se les percibe aficion alguna; ni se conoce entre ellos mas de uno, que conservan desde el tiempo de la Gentilidad; à el qual dan el nombre de Pasa, quen significa Ciento; por ganar en èl el que primero llega à completar este numero. Para jugarlo, tienen dos instrumentos; el uno viene à ser un "Aguila de los Cabezas" de mandera con diez agugeros por cada parte; donde metiendo unas clavijas, sirven estas de apuntar por diezes los tantos, que cada uno hace; y el otro es un Huesso à manero de Dado dividido en siete caras; de las quales à la una, que tiene puesta cierta señal para distinguirse, llama Guayro: las otras cinco numeran por su orden, y la ultima queda en blanco: su invencion no es otra, que tirar el huesso por alto, y tantas quantas señala la cara, que queda superior se ganan; pero si car la que se llama Guayro, entonces se ganan diez, y se pierden otras tantas, quando queda àcia arriba la blanca. Aun siendo este juego propio de ellos, lo acostumbran muy poco, y por lo regular solo quando empiezan à beber." Juan and de Ulloa 1748: 549.
Confidence 100
Ages Adult
Source Juan, J. and de Ulloa, A. 1748. Relacion Historica del Viage a la America Meridional. Madrid: Antonio Marin.

Id DLP.Evidence.1319
Type Ethnography
Location Tarapaca
Date 1853-01-01 - 1854-12-31
Rules The board is a double-headed eagle, with two lines of ten holes. One seven-sided die. Oe side has a special mark, one is blank, and the others are numbered 1-5. The special mark scores 10, the blank side scores -10. Players roll the die, and add up their scores as they go, placing a peg in a hole to mark ten points. The player who reaches 100 points first wins.
Content "At such times the Indian plays the game of pasa. It is one of great antiquity, and seems to be the only one of this sort. Pasa means a hundred, as he wins who first gets that number. They play at it with two instruments: one a spread eagle of wood with ten holes on each side, being tens, and are marked with pegs to denote every man's gettings; the other is a bone in the manner of a die, cut with seven faces, one of which has a particular mark, called guayaro (huyaru). The other five tell according to the number of them, and the last is a blank. The way of playing is to toss up the bone, and the marks on the upper surface are so many got. But the guayro goes for ten, and the like number is lost, if the blank side appears." Bollaert 1860: 168.
Confidence 100
Source Bollaert, W. 1860. Antiquarian, Ethnological and other Researches in New Granada, Equador, Peru and Chile. London: Trübner and Co.

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