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Evidence for Chaturanga (Kridakausalya 14x14)

1 pieces of evidence found.

Id DLP.Evidence.2236
Type Contemporary rule description
Location 19°51'38.91"N, 75°20'35.95"E
Date 1871-01-01 - 1871-12-31
Rules 12x12 board. Pieces move as follows: Raja (King, x1): moves one space in any direction; Mantri (Minister, placed to the left of the Raja, x1): moves any distance orthogonally or diagonally; Queen (x1, placed to the right of the Raja); moves orthogonally one space; Prince (placed to the left of the Minister, x1), moves orthogonally or diagonally any distance; Ushtra (Camel, x2): moves diagonally any distance; Chariot (x2), moves orthogonally any distance; Flagcar (x2), moves diagonally any distance; Vaha (Horse, x2): move orthogonally one space and then diagonally another, jumping over any intervening pieces; Danti (Elephant, x2): moves orthogonally any distance. Padati (Pawn, x14): move forward orthogonally one space or one space diagonally forward to capture. When a Padati reaches the opposite edge of the board, it is promoted to a Mantri and is moved immediately to the space it last moved from. An opponent's piece is captured by moving one of the player's own pieces onto the space occupied by the opponent's piece. If the Raja can be captured on the opponent's next turn, it is in check. The Raja cannot be in check at the end of the player's turn. If this is impossible, the opponent wins. When a player is reduced to only their Raja and Padati, the opponent wins. In the case of a stalemate, the player in stalemate may remove any of the opponent's pieces (except their Raja).
Content "Now a third variety of this game is being stted. Now I shall explain a third variety of this game. Draw fifteen lines both horizonally and vertically with equal spacing thus making a big square with 196 small squares in it. The arrangement of the powers is the same as in the 12 square-play with this difference; viz., there are a queen and a prince with two extra pawns inb front on each side. The queen stands to the right of the king and moves also like him. The prince stands to the left of the minister and moves also like the minister. With these two additions the play is similarto that in the previous variety. Thus ends the third variety." Iyer 1982: 27-28.
Confidence 100
Ages Adult
Genders Male
Source Iyer, S. 1982. Indian Chess as Embodied in the Kridakausalyam of Pt. Harikrishna Sharma Jyotishacharya. Delhi: Nag Publishers.

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