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Evidence for Tuknanavuhpi

2 pieces of evidence found.

Id DLP.Evidence.796
Type Contemporary rule description
Location 35°52'35.01"N, 110°38'25.49"W
Date 1901-01-01 - 1901-12-31
Rules 4x4 grid, each square with both diagonals. Pieces are played on the intersections of the lines, moving to an empty point along one of the lines. Play begins with 20 pieces per player. Players take turns moving the pieces, and capture the opponent's pieces by hopping over them. When the back line on a player's side of the board is vacated, it is no longer in play. The player who captures the other player's pieces wins.
Content "Shoshonean Stock. Hopi. Oraibi, Arizona. (Cat. No. 38613, Free Museum of Science and Art, University of Pennsylvania.) Stone boards= (figure 1093), 7 by 9 1/2 inches, inscribed with three equidistant cross lines in both directions, dividing the surface into sixteen rectangles, each of which is crossed by diagonal lines. The central point is marked with a star. Collected by the writer in 1901. Two men play, using white and black stones, which are arranged as shown in figure 1094. The game, called tuknanavuhpi, is like fox and geese. White leads. The object is to jump over and take an opponent's piece, which is continued until one or the other loses all. A player may jump in any direction. When a line across one end of the board becomes empty, it is not used again, so the player's field becomes more and more contracted." Culin 1907: 794-795.
Confidence 100

Id DLP.Evidence.920
Type Artifact
Location 35°52'35.01"N,110°38'25.49"W
Date 1901-01-01 - 1901-12-31
Rules 5x5 board with diagonals.
Content Tuknanavuhpi board game collected by Stewart Culin in Oraibi, Arizona. now in the Penn Museum 38613. Culin 1907: 794–795.
Confidence 100
Source Culin, S. 1907. Games of the North American Indians. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

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