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Evidence for Chaturanga (12x12)

1 pieces of evidence found.

Id DLP.Evidence.2235
Type Contemporary rule description
Location 19°51'38.91"N, 75°20'35.95"E
Date 1871-01-01 - 1871-12-31
Rules 12x12 board. Pieces move as follows: Raja (King, x1): moves one space in any direction; Mantri (Minister, placed to the left of the Raja, x1): moves any distance orthogonally or diagonally; Ushtra (Camel, x2): moves diagonally any distance; Chariot (x2), moves orthogonally any distance; Flagcar (x2), moves diagonally any distance; Vaha (Horse, x2): move orthogonally one space and then diagonally another, jumping over any intervening pieces; Danti (Elephant, x2): moves orthogonally any distance. Padati (Pawn, x12): move forward orthogonally one space or one space diagonally forward to capture. When a Padati reaches the opposite edge of the board, it is promoted to a Mantri and is moved immediately to the space it last moved from. An opponent's piece is captured by moving one of the player's own pieces onto the space occupied by the opponent's piece. If the Raja can be captured on the opponent's next turn, it is in check. The Raja cannot be in check at the end of the player's turn. If this is impossible, the opponent wins. When a player is reduced to only their Raja and Padati, the opponent wins. In the case of a stalemate, the player in stalemate may remove any of the opponent's pieces (except their Raja).
Content "Now a second metyhod of play is being explained, (i.e., the arrangement of the powers and their movement in a board of 144 squares. I shall now describe a second variety of the game (Chaturanga or chess). Draw thirteen lines horizontally and thirteen lines vertically at equal space thus making a square with 144 small squares within it. The position and movement of the king and other powers are the same as in the previous variety of the game with 64 squares. Only the additional differences are being mentioned below. Besides the powers in the 64 squares-play, there are two chariots, two flagcars and four more pawns in front of them on both sides, thus making 24 pieces on each side. The chariot moves like the elephant (rook) and the flagcar like the camel (bishop). The chariot is placed adjacent to the camel and the flag-car next to it (i.e., before the horsse). Note: in the 12 squares-play there are in effect four bishops and four rooks instead of two each in the ordinary play. Thus ends the second variety." Iyer 1982: 25-26.
Confidence 100
Ages Adult
Genders Male
Source Iyer, S. 1982. Indian Chess as Embodied in the Kridakausalyam of Pt. Harikrishna Sharma Jyotishacharya. Delhi: Nag Publishers.

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