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Evidence for Pente Grammai

58 pieces of evidence found.

Id DLP.Evidence.943
Type Artifact
Location 37°56'20.35"N, 27°20'28.068"E
Date 675-01-01BCE - 685-12-31
Content Pente Grammai graffiti game board in a street at Ephesus 174 Unfinished board with central line and two crossing it. Data from Locus Ludi Project.
Confidence 100
External database Locus.46

Id DLP.Evidence.944
Type Artifact
Location 37°56'19.198"N, 27°20'28.968"E
Date 675-01-01BCE - 685-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Pente Grammai graffiti game board found in a street at Ephesus 200 rectangle divided into four sections. Data from Locus Ludi Project.
Confidence 100
External database Locus.53

Id DLP.Evidence.945
Type Artifact
Location 37°56'19.223"N, 27°20'28.831"E
Date 675-01-01BCE - 685-12-31
Content Pente Grammai graffiti game board from a street at Ephesus 199. Data from Locus Ludi Project.
Confidence 100
External database Locus.54

Id DLP.Evidence.946
Type Artifact
Location 37°56'18.931"N, 27°20'28.165"E
Date 675-01-01BCE - 685-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Pente Grammai graffiti game board found in a street at Ephesus 205.
Confidence 100
External database Locus.57

Id DLP.Evidence.947
Type Artifact
Location 37°56'19.018"N, 27°20'27.938"E
Date 675-01-01BCE - 685-12-31
Content Pente Grammai graffiti game board from a street at Ephesus 202. Data from Locus Ludi Project.
Confidence 100
External database Locus.59

Id DLP.Evidence.950
Type Artifact
Location 37°56'11.411"N, 27°20'42.5"E
Date 675-01-01BCE - 685-12-31
Content Pente Grammai graffiti game board from the Upper Agora at Ephesus 289. Data from Locus Ludi Project.
Confidence 100
External database Locus.79

Id DLP.Evidence.953
Type Artifact
Location 37°56'10.306"N, 27°20'35.646"E
Date 675-01-01BCE - 685-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Pente Grammai graffiti game board from a street at Ephesus 303. Data from Locus Ludi Project.
Confidence 100
External database Locus.84

Id DLP.Evidence.955
Type Artifact
Location 37°56'18.168"N, 27°20'30.134"E
Date 675-01-01BCE - 685-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Pente Grammai graffiti game board from a street at Ephesus 216. Data from Locus Ludi Project.
Confidence 100
External database Locus.86

Id DLP.Evidence.956
Type Artifact
Location 37°56'17.754"N, 27°20'30.926"E
Date 675-01-01BCE - 685-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Pente Grammai graffiti game board from a street at Ephesus 217. Data from Locus Ludi Project.
Confidence 100
External database Locus.87

Id DLP.Evidence.958
Type Artifact
Location 37°56'17.376"N, 27°20'31.438"E
Date 675-01-01BCE - 685-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Pente Grammai graffiti game board from the entrance to the stoa at Ephesus 220. Data from Locus Ludi Project.
Confidence 100
External database Locus.90

Id DLP.Evidence.959
Type Artifact
Location 37°56'17.545"N, 27°20'31.218"E
Date 675-01-01BCE - 685-12-31
Content Pente Grammai graffiti game board from the entrance to the stoa at Ephesus 221, Data from Locus Ludi Project.
Confidence 100
External database Locus.91

Id DLP.Evidence.961
Type Artifact
Location 37°56'12.491"N, 27°20'39.228"E
Date 675-01-01BCE - 685-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Pente Grammai graffiti game board from the basilica at Ephesus 276. Data from Locus Ludi Project.
Confidence 100
External database Locus.104

Id DLP.Evidence.962
Type Artifact
Location 37°56'12.304"N, 27°20'39.739"E
Date 675-01-01BCE - 685-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Pente Grammai graffiti game board from the basilica at Ephesus 277. Data from Locus Ludi Project.
Confidence 100
External database Locus.105

Id DLP.Evidence.967
Type Artifact
Location 37°56'24.713"N, 27°20'28.867"E
Date 675-01-01BCE - 685-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Pente Grammai graffiti game board from the agora at Ephesus 168. Data from Locus Ludi Project.
Confidence 100
External database Locus.120

Id DLP.Evidence.968
Type Artifact
Location 37°56'33.655"N, 27°20'33.36"E
Date 675-01-01BCE - 685-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Pente Grammai graffiti game board from a street at Ephesus 159. Data from Locus Ludi Project.
Confidence 100
External database Locus.129

Id DLP.Evidence.971
Type Artifact
Location 37°56'32.572"N, 27°20'17.804"E
Date 675-01-01BCE - 685-12-31
Rules 3x12 board, divided in half.
Content Pente Grammai graffiti game board from a street at Ephesus 31. Data from Locus Ludi Project.
Confidence 100
External database Locus.161

Id DLP.Evidence.973
Type Artifact
Location 37°56'30.869"N, 27°20'24.414"E
Date 675-01-01BCE - 685-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Pente Grammai graffiti game board from a street at Ephesus 103.
Confidence 100
External database Locus.190

Id DLP.Evidence.975
Type Artifact
Location 35°1'48.133"N, 33°14'41.579"E
Date 675-01-01BCE - 685-12-31
Rules 2x11 board.
Content Double Pente Grammai graffiti game board from Tamassos on a column capital. Cyprus Museum Nicosia 1935/V-2772. Data from Locus Ludi Project.
Confidence 100
Source Nikolau, I. 1970. 'Une nouvelle table à jeu de Chypre.' Bulletin de correspondance hellénique 94: 549–550.
External database Locus.226

Id DLP.Evidence.976
Type Artifact
Location 34°59'25.433"N, 33°43'58.912"E
Date 0300-01-01BCE - 0200-12-31
Rules 2x11 board.
Content Double Pente Grammai game board from Dhekeleia, Cyprus. Data from Locus Ludi Project.
Confidence 100
Source Nikolau, I. 1965. 'Table à jeu de Dhekelia (Chypre).' Bulletin de correspondance hellénique 89: 122–127.
External database Locus.227

Id DLP.Evidence.977
Type Artifact
Location 37°23'56.141"N, 25°15'57.377"E
Date 675-01-01BCE - 685-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Pente Grammai graffiti game board from Delos. Deonna 1938: 336, Pl. XCV.831. Data from Locus Ludi Project.
Confidence 100
Source Deonna, W. 1938. Le mobilier délien. Paris: de Boccard.
External database Locus.228

Id DLP.Evidence.978
Type Artifact
Location 37°35'48.908"N, 23°4'41.192"E
Date 675-01-01BCE - 685-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Pente Grammai game board from Epidauros 3. Pritchett 1968: 191; Blinkenberg 1898: 4–5. Data from Locus Ludi Project.
Confidence 100
Source Pritchett, W. 1968. '"Five Lines" and IG I2, 324.' California Studies in Classical Antiquity 1: 187–215., Blinkenberg, C. 1898. 'Epidaurische Weihgeschenke.' Mitteilungen des deutschen Archaologischen Instituts, Athenische Abteilung 23: 1–23.
External database Locus.231

Id DLP.Evidence.979
Type Artifact
Location 38°17'28.468"N, 23°50'43.678"E
Date 675-01-01BCE - 685-12-31
Rules 2x11 board.
Content Pente Grammai graffiti game board from the Amphiareion at Oropos. Each line ending in large dots, The third, sixth, and ninth lines are bisected by X's. A half circle extends outward from the midpoint of eleventh lines. Pritchett 1968:191, pl. 2. Portico of Archaeological Museum Skala Oropou. Data from Locus Ludi Project.
Confidence 100
Source Pritchett, W. 1968. '"Five Lines" and IG I2, 324.' California Studies in Classical Antiquity 1: 187–215.
External database Locus.232

Id DLP.Evidence.980
Type Artifact
Location 38°17'28.468"N, 23°50'43.678"E
Date 675-01-01BCE - 685-12-31
Rules 2x11 board.
Content Pente Grammai game board from the Amphiareion at Oropos 3. Incomplete, six lines remain, sixth line is marked with a circle. Pritchett 1968: 192, pl. 3.2. Portico of Archaeological Museum Skala Oropou.
Confidence 100
Source Pritchett, W. 1968. '"Five Lines" and IG I2, 324.' California Studies in Classical Antiquity 1: 187–215.
External database Locus.234

Id DLP.Evidence.981
Type Artifact
Location 38°17'28.468"N, 23°50'43.678"E
Date 675-01-01BCE - 685-12-31
Rules At least two lines of spaces.
Content Pente Grammai game table from Oropos 4. Two lines are preserved. Pritchett 1968: 192, pl. 3.3. Portico of Archaeological Museum Skala Oropou. Data from Locus Ludi Project.
Confidence 100
Source Pritchett, W. 1968. '"Five Lines" and IG I2, 324.' California Studies in Classical Antiquity 1: 187–215.
External database Locus.235

Id DLP.Evidence.982
Type Artifact
Location 38°17'28.468"N, 23°50'43.678"E
Date 675-01-01BCE - 685-12-31
Rules 2x11 board.
Content Pente Grammai game table from the Amphiareion at Oropos. Broken game table with seven lines preserved. Pritchett 1968: 192, pl. 3.4. Portico of Archaeological Museum Skala Oropou. Data from Locus Ludi Project.
Confidence 100
Source Pritchett, W. 1968. '"Five Lines" and IG I2, 324.' California Studies in Classical Antiquity 1: 187–215.
External database Locus.236

Id DLP.Evidence.983
Type Artifact
Location 38°17'28.468"N, 23°50'43.678"E
Date 675-01-01BCE - 685-12-31
Rules 2x11 board.
Content Pente Grammai game table from the Amphiareion at Oropos. Eleven lines. Pritchett 1968: 192–193, pl. 3.5. Portico of Archaeological Museum Skala Oropou. Data from Locus Ludi Project.
Confidence 100
Source Pritchett, W. 1968. '"Five Lines" and IG I2, 324.' California Studies in Classical Antiquity 1: 187–215.
External database Locus.237

Id DLP.Evidence.984
Type Artifact
Location 37°23'49.085"N, 25°16'5.045"E
Date 675-01-01BCE - 685-12-31
Rules 2x11 board.
Content Pente Grammai graffiti game board from the theatre at Delos. Eleven lines, second, third, sixth, and ninth are marked with an X. Pritchett 1968: 195, pl. 5.1. Data from Locus Ludi Project.
Confidence 100
Source Pritchett, W. 1968. '"Five Lines" and IG I2, 324.' California Studies in Classical Antiquity 1: 187–215.
External database Locus.240

Id DLP.Evidence.985
Type Artifact
Location 39°17'44.196"N, 22°23'4.085"E
Date 675-01-01BCE - 685-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Pente Grammai graffiti game board from Pharsalos. Data from Locus Ludi Project.
Confidence 100
External database Locus.244

Id DLP.Evidence.988
Type Artifact
Location 27°22'7.86"N, 33°40'57.99"E
Date 0301-01-01 - 0400-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Pente grammai game board from the fortress at Abu Sha'ar. Two rows of five holes, damaged. Mulvin and Sidebotham 2004: 606–607, fig. 3.1. Data from Locus Ludi Project.
Confidence 100
Source Mulvin, L. and S. Sidebotham. 2004. 'Roman Game Boards from Abu Sha'ar (Red Sea Coast, Egypt).' Antiquity 78(301): 206–617.
External database Locus.322

Id DLP.Evidence.989
Type Artifact
Location 27°22'7.86"N, 33°40'57.99"E
Date 0301-01-01 - 0400-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Pente grammai game board from a threshold at the fortress of Abu Sha'ar. Two rows of five holes. Mulvin and Sidebotham 2004: 606–607, fig. 3.2. Data from Locus Ludi Project.
Confidence 100
Source Mulvin, L. and S. Sidebotham. 2004. 'Roman Game Boards from Abu Sha'ar (Red Sea Coast, Egypt).' Antiquity 78(301): 206–617.
External database Locus.323

Id DLP.Evidence.990
Type Artifact
Location 27°22'7.86"N, 33°40'57.99"E
Date 0301-01-01 - 0400-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Pente grammai game board from fortress at Abu Sha'ar Two rows of five holes, eroded. Mulvin and Sidebotham 2004: 606. Data from Locus Ludi Project. Data from Locus Ludi Project.
Confidence 100
Source Mulvin, L. and S. Sidebotham. 2004. 'Roman Game Boards from Abu Sha'ar (Red Sea Coast, Egypt).' Antiquity 78(301): 206–617.
External database Locus.324

Id DLP.Evidence.993
Type Artifact
Location 27°22'7.86"N, 33°40'57.99"E
Date 0301-01-01 - 0400-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Pente grammai graffiti game board from fortress at Abu Sha'ar. Incomplete 2x5 pattern of holes. Mulvin and Sidebotham 2004: 606–607, fig. 3.6.
Confidence 100
Source Mulvin, L. and S. Sidebotham. 2004. 'Roman Game Boards from Abu Sha'ar (Red Sea Coast, Egypt).' Antiquity 78(301): 206–617.
External database Locus.325

Id DLP.Evidence.995
Type Artifact
Location 27°22'7.86"N, 33°40'57.99"E
Date 0301-01-01 - 0400-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Pente grammai graffiti game board from fortress at Abu Sha'ar. Two rows of five holes with an extra hole, perhaps for storing pieces. Mulvin and Sidebotham 2004: 606–607, fig. 3.8. Data from Locus Ludi Project.
Confidence 100
Source Mulvin, L. and S. Sidebotham. 2004. 'Roman Game Boards from Abu Sha'ar (Red Sea Coast, Egypt).' Antiquity 78(301): 206–617.
External database Locus.326

Id DLP.Evidence.1008
Type Artifact
Location 38°17'28.468"N, 23°50'43.678"E
Date 675-01-01BCE - 685-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Pente Grammai game table from the Amphiareion at Oropos. Five lines. On same table as DLP.Evidence 983. Pritchett 1968: 192–193, pl. 3.5. Portico of Archaeological Museum Skala Oropou.
Confidence 100
Source Pritchett, W. 1968. '"Five Lines" and IG I2, 324.' California Studies in Classical Antiquity 1: 187–215.
External database Locus.237

Id DLP.Evidence.1009
Type Artifact
Location 38°17'28.468"N, 23°50'43.678"E
Date 675-01-01BCE - 685-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Pente Grammai game table from the Amphiareion at Oropos. Five lines. On same table as DLP.Evidence.983 and DLP.Evidence.1008. Pritchett 1968: 192–193, pl. 3.5. Portico of Archaeological Museum Skala Oropou.
Confidence 100
Source Pritchett, W. 1968. '"Five Lines" and IG I2, 324.' California Studies in Classical Antiquity 1: 187–215.
External database Locus.237

Id DLP.Evidence.1010
Type Contemporary rule description
Location 37°58'43.34"N, 23°43'28.45"E
Date 0100-01-01 - 0199-12-31
Rules 2x5 board, use of dice, five pieces per player, center line marked.
Content Pollux Onomasticon VII.206 lists pente grammai as a game of chance. IX.97 states "each of the players has five pieces upon five lines...on the five lines from either side there was a middle one called the sacred line. And moving a piece already arrived there gave rise to the proverb 'he moves the piece from the sacred line'". Schädler 2009: 173.
Confidence 100
Source Pollux. Onomasticon., Schädler, U. 2009. 'Pente grammai: The Ancient Greek board game Five lines.' In J. Nuno Silva (ed.), Proceedings of Board Game Studies Colloquium XI. Lisbon: Associacão Ludus, p. 173–196.

Id DLP.Evidence.1012
Type Contemporary text
Location 39° 6'23.86"N, 26°33'25.17"E
Date 0600-01-01BCE - 0600-12-31BCE
Rules Pieces move from the sacred line to win.
Content Alkaios Poem (Bergk 1883: 177 no, 82): Νυν δ' (αυτ') ουτος επικρετει κινησαις τον απ' ιρας πυματον λιθον. Implies moving a piece from the sacred line leads to victory. Schädler 2009: 174.
Confidence 100
Social status Elite
Genders Male
Source Bergk, T. 1882. Poetae Lyrici Graeci. Leipzig: B. G. Teubneri., Schädler, U. 2009. 'Pente grammai: The Ancient Greek board game Five lines.' In J. Nuno Silva (ed.), Proceedings of Board Game Studies Colloquium XI. Lisbon: Associacão Ludus, p. 173–196.

Id DLP.Evidence.1013
Type Contemporary text
Location 37° 4'31.60"N, 15°17'12.30"E
Date 0300-01-01BCE - 0201-12-31BCE
Rules Moving from the sacred line is bad.
Content "καὶ τὸν ἀπὸ γραμμᾶς κινεῖ λίθον: ἦ γὰρ ἔρωτι πολλάκις ὦ Πολύφαμε τὰ μὴ καλὰ καλὰ πέφανται." Schädler 2009: 174: "and from the line she moves the piece, because to love's desire often appears beautiful what is not beautiful." Theocritos Idylls 6. 18.
Confidence 100
Ages Adult
Genders Female
Source Schädler, U. 2009. 'Pente grammai: The Ancient Greek board game Five lines.' In J. Nuno Silva (ed.), Proceedings of Board Game Studies Colloquium XI. Lisbon: Associacão Ludus, p. 173–196., Theocritus. Idylls.

Id DLP.Evidence.1014
Type Artifact
Location 37°49'40.87"N, 23°48'39.59"E
Date 0675-01-01BCE - 0625-12-21BCE
Rules 2x5 board, played with one die.
Content Model game board in the form of a miniature terracotta table, found in a grave with a cubic die at Anagyros in Attica. Mid seventh century BCE. Five lines with holes on the ends. Kallipolitis 1963: 123–124, 172, pl. 53–55; Schädler 2009:175.
Confidence 100
Source Kallipolitis, V. 1963. ‘Ανασκαφη ταφων Αναγθροντος’, Archaeologikon Deltion, 18: 123–73., Schädler, U. 2009. 'Pente grammai: The Ancient Greek board game Five lines.' In J. Nuno Silva (ed.), Proceedings of Board Game Studies Colloquium XI. Lisbon: Associacão Ludus, p. 173–196.

Id DLP.Evidence.1089
Type Artistic depiction
Location 37°58'43.34"N, 23°43'28.45"E
Date 0490-01-01BCE - 0490-12-31BCE
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Black-figure Attic Kyathos from Athens. Two male warriors playing a game of Pente Grammai showing the board, with five lines and nine pieces on the board. Interpreted to be Achilles and Ajax based on other examples. Musées royaux d'Art et d'Histoire, Brussels, R.2512. Massar 2019: 82; Schädler 2009: fig. 2.
Confidence 100
Ages Adult
Social status Military
Genders Male
Source Massar, N. 2019. 'Jeux de pente grammai à Athènes.' In V. Dasen (ed), Ludique: Jouer dans l'antiquité.' Lyon: Lugdunum Musée et Théatres Romains. 82–83., Schädler, U. 2009. 'Pente grammai: The Ancient Greek board game Five lines.' In J. Nuno Silva (ed.), Proceedings of Board Game Studies Colloquium XI. Lisbon: Associacão Ludus, p. 173–196.

Id DLP.Evidence.1090
Type Artifact
Location 37°52'53.35"N, 23°57'18.45"E
Date 0600-01-01BCE - 0501-12-31BCE
Rules 2x11 board.
Content Double Pente Grammai board rendered on a painted terracotta gaming table. From a tomb at Merenda, Attika. around 600 BCE. Musée Suisse du Jeu 700. Schädler 2019: 98.
Confidence 100
Source Schädler, U. 2019. 'Une table de jeu en terre cuite au Musée Suisse du Jeu.' In V. Dasen (ed), Ludique: Jouer dans l'antiquité. Lyon: Lugdunum Musée et Théatre Romain. 98–99.

Id DLP.Evidence.1091
Type Artifact
Location 41° 0'30.19"N, 28°58'47.89"E
Date 0415-01-01 - 0532-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Graffiti Pente Grammai board in the first intercolumniation on the stylobate of the remains of the Theodosian basilica of Hagia Sophia. Schneider 1941: 5; Crist in press.
Confidence 100
Source Schneider, A. 1941. Die Grabung im Westhof der Sophienkirche zu Istanbul. Berlin: Deutsches Archäologisches Institut.

Id DLP.Evidence.1092
Type Artifact
Location 41° 0'30.19"N, 28°58'47.89"E
Date 0415-01-01 - 0532-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Graffiti game board in the first intercolumniation of the stylobate of the Theodosian Hagia Sophia. Not visible June 2016. Schneider 1941: 5; Crist in press.
Confidence 100
Spaces Outside, Public, Communal
Source Schneider, A. 1941. Die Grabung im Westhof der Sophienkirche zu Istanbul. Berlin: Deutsches Archäologisches Institut.

Id DLP.Evidence.1093
Type Artifact
Location 41° 0'30.19"N, 28°58'47.89"E
Date 0415-01-01 - 0523-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Graffiti Pente Grammai game board from the second intercolumniation of the stylobate of the Theodosian basilica of Hagia Sophia. Board is rendered as a 2x5 grid of squares. Schneider 1941: 5, p,. 9; Crist in press.
Confidence 100
Spaces Outside, Public
Source Schneider, A. 1941. Die Grabung im Westhof der Sophienkirche zu Istanbul. Berlin: Deutsches Archäologisches Institut.

Id DLP.Evidence.1094
Type Artifact
Location 41° 0'30.19"N, 28°58'47.89"E
Date 0415-01-01 - 0523-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Graffiti Pente Grammai board from the secon intercolumniation of the stylobate of the Theodosian basilica of Hagia Sophia. Board is rendered as two rows of five holes. Schneider 1941: 5, pl. 9; Crist in press.
Confidence 100
Spaces Outside, Public
Source Schneider, A. 1941. Die Grabung im Westhof der Sophienkirche zu Istanbul. Berlin: Deutsches Archäologisches Institut.

Id DLP.Evidence.1095
Type Artifact
Location 41° 0'30.19"N, 28°58'47.89"E
Date 0415-01-01 - 0532-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Graffiti Pente Grammai game board in the third intercolumniation of the stylobate of the Theodosian basilica of Hagia Sophia. Board is rendered as a 2x5 grid of squares. Schneider 1941: 5, pl. 9; Crist in press.
Confidence 100
Spaces Outside, Public
Source Schneider, A. 1941. Die Grabung im Westhof der Sophienkirche zu Istanbul. Berlin: Deutsches Archäologisches Institut.

Id DLP.Evidence.1096
Type Artifact
Location 41° 0'30.19"N, 28°58'47.89"E
Date 0415-01-01 - 0532-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Graffiti Pente Grammai board near the third intercolumniation of the stylobate, on the second step of the Theodosian basilica of Hagia Sophia. Board is rendered as a 2x5 grid of squares with a hole centered in each square. Schneider 1941: 5, pl. 9; Crist in press.
Confidence 100
Spaces Outside, Public
Source Schneider, A. 1941. Die Grabung im Westhof der Sophienkirche zu Istanbul. Berlin: Deutsches Archäologisches Institut.

Id DLP.Evidence.1097
Type Artifact
Location 41° 0'30.19"N, 28°58'47.89"E
Date 0415-01-01 - 0532-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Graffiti Pente Grammai game board in the fourth intercolumniation of the stylobate of the Theodosian basilica of Hagia Sophia. Schneider 1941: 5, pl. 9.
Confidence 100
Spaces Outside, Public
Source Schneider, A. 1941. Die Grabung im Westhof der Sophienkirche zu Istanbul. Berlin: Deutsches Archäologisches Institut.

Id DLP.Evidence.1098
Type Artifact
Location 41° 0'30.19"N, 28°58'47.89"E
Date 0415-01-01 - 0532-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Graffiti Pente Grammai game board from the first step in front of the fourth intercolumniation of the stylobate of the Theodian basilica of Hagia Sophia. Schneider 1941: 5, pl. 9.
Confidence 100
Spaces Outside, Public
Source Schneider, A. 1941. Die Grabung im Westhof der Sophienkirche zu Istanbul. Berlin: Deutsches Archäologisches Institut.

Id DLP.Evidence.1099
Type Artifact
Location 34°39'58.80"N, 32°53'1.50"E
Date 0400-01-01 - 0685-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Graffiti Pente Grammai board on the paving of the north portico of the Episcopal Basilica at Kourion. Swiny 1986: 61.
Confidence 100
Spaces Public, Transitional
Source Megaw, A. ed. 2007. Kourion: Excavations at the Episcopal Precinct. Washington: Dumbarton Oaks.

Id DLP.Evidence.1100
Type Artifact
Location 34°32'50.47"N, 38°16'26.24"E
Date 0075-01-01 - 685-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Graffiti Pente Grammai board from the Temple of Bel at Palmyra. 2x5 board on the east portico. de Voogt 2010: 1059.
Confidence 100
Spaces Public, Transitional
Source de Voogt, Alex. 2010. 'Mancala Players at Palmyra.' Antiquity 84(326): 1055–1066

Id DLP.Evidence.1101
Type Artifact
Location 34°32'50.47"N, 38°16'26.24"E
Date 0075-01-01 - 685-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Graffiti Pente Grammai game board from the western part of the court at the Temple of Bel at Palmyra. de Voogt 2010: 1059.
Confidence 100
Spaces Outside, Public
Source de Voogt, Alex. 2010. 'Mancala Players at Palmyra.' Antiquity 84(326): 1055–1066

Id DLP.Evidence.1102
Type Artifact
Location 34°32'50.47"N, 38°16'26.24"E
Date 0075-01-01 - 685-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Graffiti Pente Grammai game board from near the base of the stairs at the Temple of Bel at Palmyra. de Voogt 2010: 1059
Confidence 100
Spaces Outside, Public
Source de Voogt, Alex. 2010. 'Mancala Players at Palmyra.' Antiquity 84(326): 1055–1066

Id DLP.Evidence.1103
Type Artifact
Location 34°32'50.47"N, 38°16'26.24"E
Date 0075-01-01 - 685-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Pente Grammai graffiti game board from the base of the western stairs at the Temple of Bel at Palmyra. de Voogt 2010: 1059.
Confidence 100
Spaces Outside, Public
Source de Voogt, Alex. 2010. 'Mancala Players at Palmyra.' Antiquity 84(326): 1055–1066

Id DLP.Evidence.1104
Type Artifact
Location 34°32'50.47"N, 38°16'26.24"E
Date 0075-01-01 - 685-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Graffiti Pente Grammai game board in the court of the Temple of Bel at Palmyra,just north of the base of the stairs. de Voogt 2010: 1059.
Confidence 100
Spaces Outside, Public
Source de Voogt, Alex. 2010. 'Mancala Players at Palmyra.' Antiquity 84(326): 1055–1066

Id DLP.Evidence.1105
Type Artifact
Location 34°32'50.47"N, 38°16'26.24"E
Date 0075-01-01 - 685-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Graffiti Pente Grammai game board from the Temple of Bel at Palmyra. Located on a pavement just to the north of the western staircase. de Voogt 2010: 1059.
Confidence 100
Spaces Outside, Public
Source de Voogt, Alex. 2010. 'Mancala Players at Palmyra.' Antiquity 84(326): 1055–1066

Id DLP.Evidence.1106
Type Artifact
Location 34°32'50.47"N, 38°16'26.24"E
Date 0075-01-01 - 685-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content Pente Grammai game board from the Temple of Bel at Palmyra. Located on a pavement in the court, just south of the western staircase. de Voogt 2010: 1059.
Confidence 100
Spaces Outside, Public
Source de Voogt, Alex. 2010. 'Mancala Players at Palmyra.' Antiquity 84(326): 1055–1066

Id DLP.Evidence.2159
Type Artifact
Location 38°25'7.92"N, 27° 8'18.71"E
Date 675-01-01BCE - 685-12-31
Rules 2x5 board.
Content 2x5 grid found at the Agora of Smyrna. Ersoy and Erdin 2015: 151-152, 156.
Confidence 100
Spaces Public
Source Ersoy, A. and Ö. Erdin. 2015. "Antik Dönem Smyrna Agorasında Bulunan Roma Dönemi Ludus Latrunculorum ve Mankala Oyun Tablaları Üzerine İncelemne." In E. Okan and C. Atila (eds.), Prof. Dr. Ömer Özyiğit'e Armağan. Istanbul: Yayınlarış, 141-156.

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lkjh Maastricht University Data Science and Knowledge Engineering (DKE), Paul-Henri Spaaklaan 1, 6229 EN Maastricht, Netherlands Funded by a €2m ERC Consolidator Grant (#771292) from the European Research Council